The authoritarian policy of Casimir Perier

The authoritarian policy of Casimir Perier


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Casimir Perier (1776-1832).

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - D. Arnaudet / G. Blot

Publication date: March 2016

Historical context

A liberal

Casimir Perier (1777-1832) was one of the most prominent politicians of the Restoration and the very beginnings of the July Monarchy, regimes during which he never ceased to defend the liberal political ideals characteristic of the capitalist big bourgeoisie. But

in one year of government, he had known how to give a solid foundation to the July monarchy.

Image Analysis

The politician

Hersent painted the original of this painting for the Salon of 1827. Perier, deputy, is represented in official dress (note the fleur-de-lis on the cuffs of his coat), with in his hand the manuscript of his Budget opinion, by which he opposed the financial policies of Prime Minister Villèle. It is here the politician of the Restoration, the orator who is represented by the painter, but, so to speak, out of context: the neutral background, the dignified and voluntary attitude of Perier, mark more the height of his views and the respect in which he was held by his contemporaries as the daily political struggle or the effects of the platform. A few years later, in 1832, Hersent painted yet another portrait of Casimir Perier, still a deputy, but this time in the gallery, taking the oath to the new regime (he wears the cross of the Legion of Honor and the cross July).

Interpretation

Beyond the representation of the firmness of character and spirit of the model, this painting by Hersent was able to give an almost romantic aspect to the figure of the politician, by the contained energy which emanates from it, a somewhat like the Chateaubriand painted by Girodet (1810, Saint-Malo museum). If his historical paintings earned him a deserved fame (for example theAbdication of Gustave Wasa, which caused a sensation at the Salon of 1819 before being bought by Louis-Philippe and disappearing in the sack of the Palais-Royal in 1848), Hersent was also a renowned portrait painter. He painted several times Casimir Perier and his family (in addition to the paintings already mentioned, Casimir Perier and his sons Auguste and Paul, 1819, Vizille, museum of the French Revolution), as well as Louis-Philippe, his wife or their children, becoming one of the official artists of the July regime.

  • canuts
  • deputies
  • epidemics
  • July Monarchy
  • portrait
  • Restoration
  • Louis Philippe
  • speaker

Bibliography

Madeleine BOURSET Casimir Perier: a financial prince in the times of romanticism Paris, Publications of the Sorbonne, 1994 Claire CONSTANS National Museum of the Palace of Versailles: Paintings , 2 vol.Paris, RMN, 1995.Francis DEMIER 19th century France Paris, Seuil, coll. "Points Histoire", 2000.François FURET The Revolution, 1780-1880 Paris, Hachette, 1988, re-ed. “Pluriel”, 1992. Emmanuel de WARESQUIEL, Benoît YVERT History of the Restoration: birth of modern France Paris, Perrin, 1996. Madeleine BOURSET Casimir Perier: a financial prince in the times of romanticism Paris, Publications of the Sorbonne, 1994 Claire CONSTANS National Museum of the Palace of Versailles: Paintings , 2 vol.Paris, RMN, 1995.Francis DEMIER 19th century France Paris, Seuil, coll. "Points Histoire", 2000.François FURET The Revolution, 1780-1880 Paris, Hachette, 1988, re-ed. “Pluriel”, 1992. Emmanuel de WARESQUIEL, Benoît YVERT History of the Restoration: birth of modern France Paris, Perrin, 1996.

To cite this article

Pascal TORRÈS, "The authoritarian policy of Casimir Perier"


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