The lock

<em>The lock</em>


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

  • The lock.

    FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

  • The Lock (detail).

    FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

  • The Adoration of the Shepherds.

    FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

To close

Title: The lock.

Author : FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

Creation date : 1777

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 73 - Width 93

Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas

Storage place: Louvre Museum (Paris) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchalle

Picture reference: 10-501235 / RF 1974-2

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchalle

To close

Title: The Lock (detail).

Author : FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

Creation date : 1777

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 73 - Width 93

Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas

Storage place: Louvre Museum (Paris) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchallesite web

Picture reference: 10-501235 / RF 1974-2

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchalle

To close

Title: The Adoration of the Shepherds.

Author : FRAGONARD Jean-Honoré (1732 - 1806)

Creation date : 1775

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 73 - Width 93

Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas

Storage place: Louvre Museum (Paris) website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchallesite web

Picture reference: 10-501238 / RF 1988-11

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais (Louvre Museum) / Stéphane Maréchalle

Publication date: February 2016

Historical context

The decline of the libertine

In 1761, Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes Julie or the New Heloise, a real milestone in 18th century thoughte century. This huge bookstore success shares its starting point with the libertine novels of the time: a man and a young girl succumb to the inclination they feel for each other. Rousseau thus announces the decline of libertinism, which becomes a reality in the rest of the century.

The return of moral values ​​to literature and society accelerated during the 1770s. The culmination was reached in 1782, when the Dangerous relationships by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, epistolary novel in which the Vicomte de Valmont and the Marquise de Merteuil, two incarnations of the libertine, suffer discredit, forfeiture or death.

Through certain details of his late works, Jean-Honoré Fragonard also shows a desire to move away from the libertine spirit. Especially since the work was commissioned by the Marquis de Véri, whose collection was then very famous, to serve as a counterpart to The Adoration of the Shepherds, a religious painting that Fragonard had painted a few months earlier.

Image Analysis

The lock and its counterpart

The lock is a narrative painting: Fragonard places the spectator in the position of witness to a scene whose outcome is not in doubt.

Dressed in his only underwear, a male figure locks a bedroom lock, while a young woman tries to stop him. With a contradictory body movement, she throws her hand in front of her to hold the latch, while bending backwards to avoid the man's lips. His effort is in vain: the lock has already sealed the door as well as his immediate fate.

The canvas is built on a large diagonal traced by the movement of the bodies. As if to support the artist's intention, this line of force is the only area highlighted in this very dark room. By thus connecting the lock, the corner of the bed and an apple, Fragonard induces a strong symbolism: the lock pushed, this already unmade bed will welcome the couple's antics, which, in a metaphorical way, is equivalent to biting the apple of sin.

At first glance and except for the identical format, The lock and The Adoration of the Shepherds do not seem to work in pairs. But on closer inspection, certain connections can be made. The first concerns the construction of the composition: the two paintings are structured around a diagonal, the orientation of which is however reversed. The treatment of light - powerful over a small area and leaving the rest of the canvas in a chiaroscuro - is also comparable in the two paintings. But a fundamental difference should be noted: in The Adoration of the Shepherds, the light emanates from the infant Christ to reveal his divinity, when the lighting of the Lock is external in order to highlight the fault about to be committed.

Interpretation

"By a bizarre contrast ..."

"He painted for the Marquis de Veri a picture in the manner of Rembrandt, representing The Adoration of the Shepherds, and as the amateur asked him for a second to serve as a counterpart to the first, the artist, believing himself to be showing proof of genius, by a bizarre contrast, made him a free picture and filled with passion known as the Lock. »

This commentary by Alexandre Lenoir, Fragonard's first biographer, is certainly shared by many of his contemporaries. Associate a licentious scene like The lock to an illustration of Christ’s childhood is blasphemous to say the least. It is not certain that the painter is at the origin of this connection. Perhaps he contented himself with responding to an explicit order from the Marquis de Véri. As the many gallant scenes in his collection suggest, the latter undoubtedly had affinities with this libertine milieu, sometimes virulent against religion.

The meaning of Lock, and in particular the question of women's consent, has given rise to an abundant literature. The divergence of opinions shows to what extent Fragonard knew how to conceive an ambiguous work. In earlier preparatory drawings of several years, his female figure showed a more mischievous face, which incited to see in his attitude this feigned resistance so appreciated by libertines. But in the final picture, the movement of the body described above gives a completely different feeling. Added to the overturned chair, witness to a recent struggle, The lock could truly be what it appears to be: a rape scene. In addition, the intact jug, the rose on the bed, and the bouquet thrown to the ground symbolize virginity and defloration, making the coming event irreversible.

Was Fragonard sensitive to the return to favor of morality? Did he want to denounce this libertinism practiced by the aristocratic elites, but which shocked the people so much and was a reason for criticism of the regime? If these questions are answered in the affirmative, then the association with The Adoration of the Shepherds could be understood as a setting in opposition of pure divine love and libertine sexuality, considered as without exit.

  • libertinism
  • Louis XVI
  • Rousseau (Jean-Jacques)
  • Choderlos de Laclos (Pierre Ambroise)

Bibliography

DUPUY-VACHEY Marie-Anne, Fragonard, Paris, Terrail, coll. "Sm’art", 2006.

FAROULT Guillaume, Jean-Honoré Fragonard: The Lock, Paris, Meeting of national museums / Louvre museum, coll. “Solo” (no 37), 2007.

FAROULT Guillaume, Fragonard in love: gallant and libertine, cat. exp. (Paris, 2015-2016), Paris, Meeting of national museums - Grand Palais / Gallimard, coll. “Gallimard Discoveries”, 2015.

To cite this article

Benjamin BILLIET, " The lock »

Connections


Video: Lock Em in da Trunk feat. DJ Zirk


Comments:

  1. Daleel

    It doesn't come close to me. Are there other variants?

  2. Holbrook

    Who can tell the thread !!!!!

  3. Basilio

    A good deal!



Write a message