Seminoles

Seminoles


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The Seminoles were originally members of the Creek tribe. The name Seminole comes from the Creek word for runaway. In the 18th century this group of Native Americans were living in Florida and helped the British during the War of 1812.

In 1817 it was claimed that the Seminoles were harbouring runaway slaves. In January 1818, Andrew Jackson and 3,000 troops began attacking the Seminoles. This included killing the Seminoles and the burning of their villages. Shortly afterwards the Spanish ceded Florida to the United States and the Seminole lands came under the control of the American government.

The Seminole tribe had disputes with settlers in Florida. Andrew Jackson argued that the solution to this problem was to move the Seminoles to Oklahoma. When Andrew Jackson gained power he encouraged Congress to pass the 1830 Indian Removal Act. He argued that the legislation would provide land for white invaders, improve security against foreign invaders and encourage the civilization of the Native Americans. In one speech he argued that the measure "will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the government and through the influences of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and christian community."

Jackson was re-elected with an overwhelming majority in 1832. He now pursued the policy of removing Native Americans from good farming land. He even refused to accept the decision of the Supreme Court to invalidate Georgia's plan to annex the territory of the Cherokee. This brought Jackson into conflict with Whig leaders such as Henry Clay and Daniel Webster.

Attempts were made to transfer the Seminoles to Indian Territory in 1832. Chief Osceloa led resistance to this forced migration to Oklahoma. Osceloa was captured in 1835 and eventually the fighting was brought to an end.


Seminoles - History

The Seminoles. A fierce, proud tribe of Florida, let neither three wars with the United States Army or the harsh Everglade swamps defeat them. Related Stories:

The term "Seminole" is a derivative of "cimarron" which means "wild men" in Spanish. The original Seminoles were given this name because they were Indians who had escaped from slavery in the British-controlled northern colonies. When they came to Florida, they were not called Seminoles as they were actually Creeks, Indians of Muskogee derivation. The Muskogean tribes comprised the Mississipian culture which were temple-mound builders. Among the Muskogean tribes were the Creeks, Hitichis and Yamasees of Georgia, the Apalachees of Florida, the Alabamas and Mobiles of Alabama, and the Choctaws, Chickasaws and Houmas of Mississippi.

The Origins of the Seminoles
The original Seminoles came to Florida because it was controlled by the Spanish, who had no interest in returning slaves to the British. They were mostly Lower Creeks who spoke the Mikasuki language, but other Indians, including Yuchis, Yamasees and Choctaws who had confronted Ponce de Leon and DeSoto, also joined the tribe in their trek to northern Florida from Georgia during the early 1700s.

By this time, many of the tribes in Florida, including the Tequestas, Calusas, Apalachees, Timucans and others, had been decimated by the Spanish presence, either in battles or by diseases such as smallpox. Out of an estimated 100,000 native Americans that occupied Florida during the 1500s, less than 50 survived.

In 1767, Upper Creeks from Alabama, who spoke the Muskogee language, settled in the Tampa area. Shortly after this, in 1771, the first recorded usage of the name "Seminole" to denote an actual tribe was recorded. In 1778, the Seminoles were joined by more Lower Creeks and a few Apalachees.

The Five Civilized Tribes
Together with the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks and Cherokees, the Seminoles were called "The Five Civilized Tribes." The name was coined because these tribes in particular adopted many ways of the white civilization. They lived in cabins or houses, wore clothes similar to the white man and often became Christians.

Originally, the Seminoles were hunters who used muskets to hunt deer, turkey and other game and who fished. They gathered fruits, nuts and berries. Later, however, they settled down and became excellent farmers. They grew corn, sugarcane, guava and bananas. They also were successful in raising stock, including horses and cattle.

The Seminole Wars
The prosperity of the Seminoles disturbed former slaveholders in the U.S. In 1812, Seminoles learned that a group of Georgians who called themselves "Patriots" were plotting to attack Seminole settlements. The Seminoles got the jump on these potential invaders by attacking them on their plantations. This action infuriated the government and as a result, American troops led by Andrew Jackson crossed into Florida and destroyed towns in northern Alachua County.


Photo courtesy of Florida Historical Society
Billy Bowlegs with other Seminole Chiefs,
sketched in1852.
In 1816, American forces commanded by General Edmund Gaines attacked Fort Negro, an old British enclave on the Apalachicola River now occupied by mostly Black Seminoles. Led by Commander Garcia, the Seminoles refused to surrender. However, a cannonball fired by a U.S. ship landed right in the middle of the fort's munitions storage, causing a devastating explosion. Of the 337 men, women and children in the fort, only 31 survived. They were dragged back into the horrors of slavery.

Trouble erupted again in 1817 when Americans crossed the Florida border to arrest a Seminole chief. That led to the First Seminole War which began a year later when Andrew Jackson crossed the border with troops. Jackson and his men ruthlessly burned Seminole villages and captured the Spanish towns of St. Marks and Pensacola.

Unfortunately for the Seminoles, Spain ceded Florida to the United States in 1819. This gave Americans wanting to settle the lush state an opportunity. Though they got the Seminoles to agree to move onto a reservation in the state's center, their greed was insatiable. The settlers wanted more.

On May 28, 1830, the settlers got the backing they wanted from the U.S. government. The Indian Removal Act was passed by Congress at President Andrew Jackson's urging. The Indian Removal Act gave the government the authority to remove all the Five Civilized Tribes east of the Mississippi to the Indian Territory in Arkansas and Oklahoma. While the bill specified that the consent of the Indians had to be obtained and compensation dispersed to the tribes, the reality of the situation was that those who did not go peacefully were forced to go anyway.

The Choctaws left for Indian Territory in 1831, the Creeks in 1835 and the Chickasaws in 1837. Some were deported in manacles. The Cherokees forestalled removal by using their legal knowledge to sue the government. They argued their case well. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall agreed with the Cherokees' viewpoint. Jackson defiantly stated, "John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it." So, the Cherokees too were forced off their land and onto the "Trail of Tears," a horrendous march to the Indian Territory. The "Trail of Tears" claimed thousands of lives including one-fourth of the Cherokee Tribe due to hunger, cold, disease and sorrow.


Photo courtesy of the Seminole Tribe of Florida
Famous Seminole leader Osceola
Only one group of Indians -- the Seminoles -- successfully resisted removal and they did so fiercely. Their resistance to removal brought about the Second Seminole War. It began on December 28, 1835, when a column of 108 soldiers led by Major Dade was massacred by Seminole warriors at the Dade Battle in Sumpter County. Just four days later, on December 31, the famous Seminole leader Osceola (pronounced as Asi-Yaholo) with only 250 warriors attacked a column of 750 men under General Duncan Clinch in the Battle of Withlacoochee in Citrus County. He soundly defeated the soldiers. Osceola promised to fight the white invaders "till the last drop of Seminole blood has moistened the dust of my hunting ground."

Frustrated by Osceola's continuing successes, General Jesup resorted to deception, luring Osceola and fellow Seminoles into a trap under the guise of a meeting on peace. Osceola was captured and imprisoned, where he contracted a fatal illness and died. However, 19 of his fellow prisoners, including a daring leader named Wild Cat and John Horse, a Black Seminole, escaped. These two rode many miles together in a friendship that lasted a lifetime. After their escape, Wild Cat and John Horse made their way to friends who helped them by giving them supplies.

A force of 1,050 led by General Zachary Taylor pursued the escaped prisoners until they were met by hundreds of Seminoles lying in wait at Lake Okeechobee (a Seminole word which means "plenty big water") in the state's center. The withering fire delivered by the Seminoles under the leadership of Sam Jones, Alligator and Wildcat (Coachoochee) at the Battle of Okeechobee ended in resounding defeat on Christmas Day 1838, for the U.S. forces: 28 U.S. dead and 112 wounded. Only 10 Seminoles died in the battle.


Florida Historical Museum
Doctor Tiger, circa 1890
The Battle of Loxahatchee, waged in Palm Beach County in January of 1838, resulted in the defeat and surrender of a large group of Indians. The Second Seminole War, which dragged on until 1842, cost the United States the lives of 1,500 men and over $20 million. Most of the Seminole Nation, including some 500 Black Seminoles, were relocated to the Indian Territory.

Around 500 Seminoles remained in Florida, managing to hide in the Everglades, moving ever southward into areas where white men dared not venture. Though leaders such as Wild Cat, John Horse and others met with President Polk for peace talks in the nation's capital, the Seminoles' resistance did not fade.

War broke out again in 1855 when a military survey party was attacked by Chief Billy Bowlegs in Collier County. The Third Seminole War lasted until 1858. The few remaining Seminoles who lived in the Everglades traded skins and hides at trading posts and raised cattle.

Further Troubles
Life for those relocated to the Indian Territory was harsh. The land allotted to the Seminoles was dominated by the Creek Nation, whose members resented the Seminoles' previous abandonment. Unbelievably, the pursuit of Indian land by whites did not stop with the establishment of Indian Territory. In 1887, the Dawes General Allotment Act was passed by Congress. This act sought to divide tribal lands by decreeing that individual Indians would each own 160 acres. Any land left unclaimed could then be bought by whites.

The Dawes Act confused those who were used to tribal ownership and left the Indians prey to greedy whites waiting to snatch their land. At first the Five Civilized Tribes were spared having to abide by the Dawes Act, but by 1905, they too were allotted their lands under its rules.


Florida Historical Museum
1837 lithograph of a Seminole village
The Black Seminoles were upset in 1849, when the U.S. attorney general decided that Black Seminoles were still slaves. The final straw came when whites demanded that the Black Seminoles, who were living in separate towns, surrender their guns. Under the leadership of Wild Cat and John Horse, they left the U.S. for Mexico in 1850. The Mexican government provided the Seminoles with a home in exchange for protection of the border from marauders. After the Civil War, many of these Seminoles moved to Texas and again found work protecting the border. However, prejudice encountered in the formerly confederate state along with broken promises about the ownership of land eventually drove a band of them return to Mexico in 1914. Sadly, the Black Seminoles never owned land anywhere after they left Florida.

Ironically, Indians, who had inhabited the great continent long before the white man came, became citizens of the United States via the Snyder Act during World War I. In 1934, the Wheeler-Howard Act, or Indian Reorganization Act, made life better for the Indians. It allowed Indians to compose tribal constitutions, elect tribal councils, and create tribal institutions. It also extended financial credit to the tribes, stipulated needed improvements in educational and medical facilities, restored religious freedom and encouraged the revival of Indian culture.


Seminole

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Seminole, North American Indian tribe of Creek origin who speak a Muskogean language. In the last half of the 18th century, migrants from the Creek towns of southern Georgia moved into northern Florida, the former territory of the Apalachee and Timucua. By about 1775 those migrants had begun to be known under the name Seminole, probably derived from the Creek word simanó-li, meaning “separatist,” or “runaway.” The name may also have derived from the Spanish cimarrón, “wild.”

The Seminoles located their new villages in the Everglades, a patchwork of dense thickets and wetlands that provided protective isolation from outsiders. There they were almost immediately joined by individuals—Africans, African Americans, and American Indians—who had escaped from slavery as well as by others attempting to avoid the bloody power struggles between European colonizers and other Southeast Indians. (See also Black Seminole.) The Seminoles generally welcomed those newcomers. Their economy emphasized hunting, fishing, and gathering wild foods such as nuts and berries they also grew corn (maize), beans, squash, melons, and other produce on high ground within the wetlands. Homes included substantial log cabins and, later, thatched-roof shelters with open sides known as “chickees,” which promoted maximum ventilation. People typically wore long tunics by the late 19th century, Seminole clothing was often decorated with brightly coloured strips of cloth.

In an effort to stem further colonial encroachment and to avoid forced removal to the west, the Seminoles fought a succession of wars in 1817–18, 1835–42, and 1855–58 (see Seminole Wars). As a result of the First Seminole War, Spain ceded its Florida holdings to the United States. In 1832 a treaty proposal that would have obligated the Seminoles to move west of the Mississippi River was rejected by a large portion of the tribe. The Second Seminole War was one of the costliest of the U.S.-Indian wars, with military expenditures exceeding $20 million. In 1838 Osceola and other tribal leaders agreed to meet the U.S. military under a flag of truce, but the U.S. forces broke the truce by imprisoning the men, and Osceola died in custody some three months later. Fighting continued sporadically for another four years, but the tribe eventually surrendered. The people were required to move to Indian Territory ( Oklahoma) and were resettled in the western part of the Creek reservation there. A few Seminoles remained in Florida.

In Oklahoma the Seminoles became one of the Five Civilized Tribes, which also included the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, and Choctaw, all of whom had been forcibly removed from the southeastern United States by the federal government in the 1830s. For three-quarters of a century each tribe had a land allotment and a quasi-autonomous government modeled on that of the United States. In preparation for Oklahoma statehood (1907), some of that land was allotted to individual tribal members the rest was opened up to nonnative homesteaders, held in trust by the federal government, or allotted to freed slaves. Federal policies effectively dissolved the Oklahoma tribal governments in 1906 changes in those federal policies resulted in the revitalization of the tribal governments in the mid-20th century.

For some 40 years after the Seminole Wars, those Seminoles who stayed in Florida endured hardships related to their resistance to removal. By the close of the 19th century, however, relations with neighbouring Euro-Americans had improved. During the first half of the 20th century, tribal members regained some 80,000 acres of land from the U.S. government, and in 1957, a century after the end of the Seminole Wars, the Seminole tribe of Florida regained federal recognition. Over the next 50 years the tribe developed economic programs ranging from citrus production to tourist attractions and infrastructure, including an ecotourism park, a tribal museum, a casino, and a private airstrip.

Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 27,000 individuals of Seminole descent.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Letricia Dixon, Copy Editor.


Relationship with the Seminole Tribe of Florida

The Seminole Tribe of Florida are a courageous, tenacious and determined people who, against great odds, have struggled successfully to preserve their culture and to live their lives according to their traditions and beliefs. As history shows, they are a people who have resolutely refused to accept defeat, whether at the hands of the U.S. military or when faced with the unforgiving wilderness of the Florida Everglades.

Since 1947, Florida State University has proudly identified itself with this heroic tribe. The name "Florida State Seminoles" was selected by vote of the university's student body in 1947, shortly after FSU became a coeducational institution and re-established a football team. The name was selected specifically to honor the indomitable spirit of the Florida Seminoles — those people whom the Seminole Tribe of Florida refers to as the "few hundred unconquered Seminole men, women and children left — all hiding in the swamps and Everglades of South Florida." FSU's use of the name honors the strength and bravery of these people, who never surrendered and ultimately persevered.

In recent years, critics have complained that the use of all Native American names and symbols — by FSU and other universities, as well as by professional athletic teams — is "culturally hostile" or "offensive." Unfortunately, in some cases such names and symbols have in fact been misused and become derogatory. At FSU, however, we have worked diligently since 1947 to ensure that our representations of Seminole imagery bring only honor to the Seminole people.

Evolving Images

In FSU's early years, Native American imagery and mascots were heavily influenced by the Hollywood version of the American Indians, and often bore little or no resemblance to the Seminole Indians of Florida. It would take several decades for attitudes to evolve, and for the university to fully appreciate the importance of its symbols. As time passed, however, FSU's mascots adopted more and more aspects of the Florida Seminole tribe, and were presented in a more respectful manner.

In the 1950s and '60s, Native American images used at FSU were adapted from the Indians of the Plains region. Elaborate, feathered war bonnets — some so long they touched the floor — were common, and prominently adorned the Homecoming Queen each year. They were elegant and colorful, but were nothing like headdresses worn by Florida Seminoles. (Historically, Florida Seminole men wore a simple turban with a single, or just a couple, of plumed feathers tucked into the back.)

The war bonnet was not the only characteristic that FSU organizations and fans borrowed from Plains Indian culture. Supporters also appeared in mohawks and loincloths. They built huge teepees and made references to wig-wams and tom-toms.

In addition, in the early years, American Indian images were often portrayed in a cartoonish fashion. FSU mascots from Sammy Seminole to Chief Fullabull were more slapstick than respectful in nature to the people they claimed to represent.

Where did FSU students and fans get the idea to use such stereotypical characteristics? During the 1950s, FSU students and fans, like the American public in general, had a limited image of Native Americans. The image was mostly painted by Hollywood. Television taught America how Indians looked, how they talked, and how they lived. For example, children learned about Indians through Saturday morning cartoons. The bare-chested red man with the potbelly and the big nose wore a feathered war bonnet and a loincloth. He greeted others by crossing his arms in front of his chest, nodding his head and saying "How." These were, indeed, naïve perceptions.

FSU students began to debate their use of the Seminole name as early as 1957, when the first horses and Indian riders appeared during Homecoming festivities. Questions were raised about the stereotypical representation of the tribe. Students complained about the misrepresentation of the Florida Seminoles and about the imagery borrowed from Plains Indians. It was suggested that many such images might be offensive to the Florida Seminole Indians.

An Improved Understanding

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, FSU's campus became a learning ground with regard to the Florida Seminole Indians. Several key people were directly responsible for the new awareness. Joyotpaul "Joy" Chaudhuri, an American Indian expert and FSU professor of political science, and his wife, Jean, an American Indian activist, came to the university during this period. They helped establish an American Indian Fellowship at FSU. This influential group led the campus and the community toward a better understanding of Native Americans in general and the Florida Seminoles in particular. The group was instrumental in mediating between the university and the Florida Seminole Indians. There were several meetings between the two, and problems were addressed to the satisfaction of both. As a result, FSU retired certain images that were offensive to the tribe, and began consulting with the tribe regularly on all such matters.

By the late 1970s, FSU's campus, like the rest of country, had become more educated about Indians in general and the Florida Seminoles in particular. Along with this new understanding came major changes in the university's mascots. It became very important to portray the university's namesake with dignity and honor, and to do it with the graces of the Florida Seminole tribe. This attitude culminated in a mutual respect between the two institutions, and further tied their futures to one another.

Osceola and Renegade

In 1978, FSU embarked upon a new tradition — one that had the full endorsement of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. A Seminole warrior riding a horse, to become known as Osceola and Renegade, was introduced at FSU home football games, and soon became one of the most enduring and beloved symbols of the university.

In the early 1990s, activists began to show up at FSU football games to protest the use of the Seminole name. Blistering speeches were given. Several times, the debate became heated. An Oklahoma Seminole Indian, Mike Haney, began to make frequent statements threatening to file human-rights complaints against FSU if it did not discontinue the use of the Seminole name and imagery. Throughout these attacks, the Seminole Tribe of Florida remained supportive of FSU and its use of the Seminole name and images. Later, Chief Jerry Haney of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma added his support to FSU as well.

For more than seven decades, FSU has worked closely with the Seminole Tribe of Florida to ensure the dignity and propriety of the various Seminole symbols used by the university. The university's goal is to be a model community that treats all cultures with dignity while celebrating diversity.


Pre-History

The history of the Seminoles is as unique and as complex as the diverse groups that integrated to form the tribe itself. The Seminoles derive predominantly from Eastern Muskogean linguistic stock - groups of many small tribes that lived spread across what is now the southeastern United States up to fourteen thousand years before the coming of the Europeans in the 16 th century. These tribes - Timucua, Apalachee, Ais, Tekesta, Calusa and Yamasis, just to name a few - lived in permanent settlements along the coastal plains of what is now Georgia, Alabama, and northwestern Florida and survived primarily by growing corn, beans and squash and fishing or hunting for most of their food. They also maintained complex trade routes that reached as far as the Great Lakes and modern-day Texas.

Many factors contributed to the decimation and migration of the aboriginal population that would eventually become known as the Seminole. As early as 1520, many Southeastern Indians were being entered into the European slave trade. Diseases such as smallpox, measles, influenza, and even the common cold destroyed populations. Wars with Spain and their other Native allies contributed to the near extinction and movement of many early tribes of Florida. Colonization pressures from the Europeans and later, the Americans, forced the surviving members of these groups to migrate into the Florida panhandle and form new tribal communities.

A number of these tribes referred to themselves as &ldquosiminoli,&rdquo a derivation of the Spanish word &ldquocimarron&rdquo, meaning &ldquoseparatists&rdquo or &ldquobroken off.&rdquo English-speakers initially referred to this group as &ldquoFlorida Indians&rdquo &ndash even entering into a treaty with the &ldquoFlorida Tribe of Indians&rdquo in the mid-18 th Century. The term &ldquoSeminole,&rdquo an Anglican corruption of the word &ldquoseminoli,&rdquo began its use in the American lexicon in the late 1700&rsquos. It was applied generically to all of the Native survivors living in the north Florida savannas, which by this time also included groups of migrant Yuchi, Miccosukee and Mascogee (Creek).


Gaines County History

Gaines County was named for James Gaines, who was born in Culpepper County, Virginia in 1779. The early culture of Gaines County was purely wild Comanche and Mexican. For a century or more before the conquest of the Plains by Americans, they were annually invaded from the west by Mexican Comancheros, or traders, almost all of whom did a thriving business with the Plains Indians. Due to the vigilance of the hardy Comanches and their fierce warlike spirit, the Americans had not been able to penetrate the eastern approaches to the Plains until the campaign of 1871-72 and 1874-75 when Cols. Mackensie and Shafter of the U.S. Army had located the waters and opened the territory for further exploration.

In October 1875, Lt. Bullis of the Shafter command (24th Infantry) encountered a large bunch of Indians at Cedar Lake and took from them a large supply of food, buffalo hides, and utensils. Col. Shafter then established a camp at Cedar Lake and continued to scout the area as far south as the Pecos River. In November he reached the draw about 2 miles south of the present city of Seminole and there before his astonished eyes were one of the most amazing water development projects known to any country! In the middle of a sand-locked desert were some 50 wells, and about 3 miles further west he found about 20 more such wells, ranging from 4 to 15 feet deep. This area became a regular place to meet and trade goods.

In the late 1880s, the present day Gaines County was made a part of Martin County and Stanton was the county seat. The land rush in Gaines County started in 1902-1903. Four sections were allowed to be filed on for homestead purposes. After they had lived on the land for 3 years and proved up on it, the title was vested in their name.

Gaines County was organized on October 24, 1905. When the land for Seminole (320 acres) was donated by non-resident landowners to be the county seat, W.B. Austin & his wife Emma decided to move their general store, then located at Caput, into Seminole. (Caput was located about a quarter mile southwest of the present-day Gaines County Cemetery). They moved the building into Seminole in the spring of 1906, although many people told them they would not be able to move the building across the draw. But they sawed the building in half and moved it in two sections by a horse. It was a tall building with an upstairs area where the Austins lived, and where Mrs. Austin ran a free hotel for passing cowboys for years.

In the early days of the county, there were quite a number of post offices. Some were moved from time to time, and most of them were abandoned as transportation facilities increased. One of the first was Eclipse, located about 20 miles west and a mile south of Seminole. The Bessie post office was located at the home of Clint Dean, 2 miles south of the Hugh Wristen Ranch. The Hollebeke post office was 25 miles southeast of Seminole, first at the Pete Hollebeke place and then later moved to Florey. Another was Hatchett, located about 15 miles southeast of Seminole. Craddock was a few miles west of Cedar Lake on the east side of Sawyer Flats at the home of Dr. Craddock, and the Ashmore post office was located 20 miles east of Seagraves and about 5 miles north of Cedar Lake at the Ashmore residence.

The town of Loop got its name from the cattle brand used by the ranch whose headquarters served as a post office early in the community’s history. The Loop became the name of the post office when it was established in 1912. In 1916 the post office was moved to the Parkinson home a mile south of the present town of Loop.

Blythe was the name of the post office where Seagraves is now. This post office was in the home of S. J. Blythe, and when the railroad moved into that vicinity in 1917, the name was changed from Blythe to Seagraves. The Santa Fe already had one town by the name of Blythe in California, and they insisted the name be changed. After some controversy with postal officials, the name was changed to Seagraves, being named for an employee of the Santa Fe Railway, Charles Seagraves, who worked there as a traveling passenger agent.

In 1917 the first building was erected in Seagraves-the office of the Spearman Land Company. Higginbotham Bartlett Lumber Company also moved there in 1917. The first barbershop in Seagraves was housed in a tent in that same year.

Seagraves grew rapidly as a town, and in 1928 a major portion of the business section burned when both sides of a block-long section went up in flames. Only the Seagraves Motor Company building was left standing on the west side of the street. The town was immediately rebuilt with modern brick buildings, many of which line its streets today.

At one time or another, Gaines County has been the home to as many as thirty-three school districts. Today we have three, Seminole, Seagraves, and Loop. Most of the early schools had a one-teacher, one-room school. In 1910, Dan Cobb contracted with the school board to construct a new two-story school house on the property now used for the Elementary school. Four classrooms were downstairs and the 2 classrooms upstairs completely housed the high school students as well as an auditorium. On top of the building was a cupola housing a large cast iron bell, which was heard all over town every morning.

Seagraves’ first school was taught in 1917 by Miss Wee Bell Hargett in a one-room schoolhouse located approximately where the present buildings are. Around 1918, Loop acquired a one-room schoolhouse from the Williams community and joined it to their own one-room structure to form their first two-teacher school. The first bank to open was the Seminole National Bank in 1906, followed by the First State Bank in 1907. Bank robbers got away with more than $3,000 from the Seminole National Bank in 1912 the two banks consolidated as the First State Bank in 1914. First State Bank opened in Seagraves as well in 1917.

A great addition to Gaines County came in 1977, when the first group of Mennonites arrived to set up farming and ranching operations, some 156 families. Today, Gaines County is home to approximately 3,000 Mennonite families. The Mennonite community celebrated their 25th Anniversary in August of 2002.

In 2005, Gaines County continues to be the number one oil-producing county in Texas, the number one cotton-producing county in Texas, and the number one peanut-producing county in Texas. The hospital district has expanded to include a health care center, a family medical clinic, a fitness/rehabilitation center, an assisted living center, and home health care. Our school districts boast state-of-the-art facilities. Our county is served by the Seminole Sentinel, which is the oldest business in the county, and KIKZ-AM/KSEM-FM radio station with country, German, and Hispanic programming. Gaines County Airport, located 3 miles south of Seminole, is a modern facility with a fixed-base operator and a 5,000 foot paved and lighted runway.

On this, our century mark, we think Gaines County looks pretty good for 100 years old. We look forward to growing even stronger in the future!


Contents

Florida State Athletics began in 1902 when the then Florida State College football teams played three seasons. [2] The 1905 Buckman Act reorganized the existing seven Florida colleges into three institutions, segregated by race and gender. As a result of this reorganization, the coeducational Florida State College was renamed the Florida State College for Women. [3] The Florida State University again became a co-ed institution in 1947 with most of the newly enrolled male students back from service in World War II. The "Seminoles" name, chosen by students in a 1947 vote, alludes to Florida's Seminole people who in the early nineteenth century resisted efforts of the United States government to remove them from Florida. [4] Since 1978 the teams have been represented by the symbols Osceola and Renegade. The symbol represents an actual historical figure, Seminole war leader Osceola, whose clothing represents appropriate period dress. The athletic logo, in use since the early 1970s, shows a profile of a shouting Seminole warrior in circle. The model for the logo was Florida State music faculty member Thomas Wright, composer of the Florida State University Fight Song and Victory Song. The use of names and images associated with Seminole history is officially sanctioned by the Seminole Tribe of Florida. [5] Athletic programs resumed and Florida State fielded its first football team in 43 years with FSU facing Stetson on October 18, 1947.

Florida State was a founding member of the Dixie Conference, in 1948, when other southern institutions seeking to create a "purely amateur" athletic conference based on the principle of complete amateurism, with no athletic scholarships. Three years later, FSU left the conference to become an independent, having won ten conference titles including three in football and two in men's track and field.

In 1976, Florida State joined the Metro Conference in all sports except football, which remained independent. For fifteen years FSU competed and won sixty-eight conference titles as well as five national titles including two in softball, two in women's track and field, and one in women's golf.

Since 1991, Florida State has been a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Since joining the conference, FSU has won ninety-six ACC titles and nine national titles including three in football, three in men's track and field, two in soccer, and one in softball. After the 2005 conference expansion was complete, FSU was placed in the newly formed Atlantic Division.

Florida State's school colors of garnet and gold are a merging of the university's past. In 1904 and 1905, the Florida State College won football championships wearing purple and gold uniforms. When FSC became Florida State College for Women in 1905, the FSCW student body selected crimson as the official school color. The administration in 1905 took crimson and combined it with the recognizable purple of the championship football teams to achieve the color garnet. The garnet and gold colors were first used on an FSU uniform in a 14–6 loss to Stetson on October 18, 1947. [6]

On April 11, 2014, as part of the university's 'Ignition Tradition' rebranding of the program, white and black were added to the official school colors. The addition of the two colors is to better represent the colors present on the flag of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. [7]

Rivalries Edit

Florida State maintains two traditional rivals in all sports with the Florida Gators and the Miami Hurricanes. Florida State University is the only school in the State of Florida to play both Florida and Miami year in and year out in all sports. Most notably is the football rivalry with the Gators who hold a 36–26–2 all-time lead against the Seminoles. The series began with Florida dominating for the first few years, but it has since become more balanced. In the past forty meetings, FSU has gone 23–18–1. The rivalry with Miami dates back to 1951, when the Hurricanes defeated the Seminoles 35–13 in their inaugural meeting. The schools have played uninterrupted since 1966, with Miami holding the all-time advantage, 35–30. Florida State holds a 10–7 advantage since the Hurricanes became a conference foe in 2004.

Florida State developed a rivalry with Clemson after being placed in the same division of the conference after the 2004 season. Florida State leads the all-time series 20–13. In addition to their in-state rivals, Florida State enjoys baseball rivalries, primarily with Georgia Tech.

Florida State University was founded with money donated by Francis Eppes VII, a grandson of Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States (1801–1809), principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and founder of the University of Virginia. As a result, both teams play for the Jefferson-Eppes Trophy in football. With the recent realignment of the divisions, the Seminoles found themselves in one division and the Cavaliers in another.

Athletic directors Edit

Florida State has had 16 athletic directors in its history. [8]

  • Phil Fordyce, 1979–1981 , 1981–1989 , 1990–1994
  • Wayne Hogan, 1994
  • Dave Hart Jr., 1995–2007
    , 2007–2008 , 2008–2013
  • Vanessa Fuchs, 2013
  • Stan Wilcox, 2013–2018
  • David Coburn, 2018–present
Men's sports Women's sports
Baseball Basketball
Basketball Beach volleyball
Cross country Cross country
Football Golf
Golf Soccer
Swimming and diving Softball
Tennis Swimming and diving
Track and field † Tennis
Track and field †
Volleyball
† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor

Florida State University sponsors teams in nine men's and eleven women's NCAA sanctioned sports. [9] Florida State competes as a member of the Coastal Collegiate Sports Association in beach volleyball.

Baseball Edit

Florida State's baseball program is one of the most successful in collegiate sports, having been to twenty-three College World Series in fifty-eight Tournament appearances, and having appeared in the national championship final on three occasions, (falling to the USC Trojans in 1970, the Arizona Wildcats in 1986, and the Miami Hurricanes in 1999).

Under the command of Head Coach No. 11 Mike Martin (FSU 1966) for forty years, Florida State is the second-winningest program in the history of college baseball. Since 1990, FSU has had more 50 win seasons, been to more NCAA Tournaments and finished in the top 10 more than any other team in the country. Since 2000, FSU is the winningest program in college baseball with more victories and a higher winning percentage in the regular season than any other school. Despite their success, Florida State is still chasing their first CWS Championship, and has the most appearances in the CWS of any program yet to win a national championship. [10]

NCAA CWS appearances 1957, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1970. 1975, 1980, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2017, 2019
ACC Tournament Champions 1995, 1997, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2015, 2017, 2018
ACC Regular Season Champions 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2012
ACC Atlantic Division Champions 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

Basketball Edit

Men's basketball Edit

Head Coach
Leonard Hamilton 19th Season
Seminoles Men's Retired Numbers
No. Player Year
13 Dave Cowens 1968–70
Seminoles Men's Honored Numbers
No. Player Year
3 Bob Sura 1992–95
10 Sam Cassell 1992–93
25 Hugh Durham 1957–59
43 Dave Fedor 1960–62
33 Ron King 1971–73

Florida State's basketball program has enjoyed modest success since their first appearance in the NCAA tournament in 1968. Since then, the Seminoles have made eighteen tournament appearances, played for the national title in the NCAA championship game in 1972, advanced to the Sweet Sixteen round in 1992, 2011, 2019 and 2021, the Elite Eight round in 1993 and 2018, and won the ACC title in 2012.

A total of 44 Seminoles have been selected in the NBA Draft with nine first round picks. Among those first round selections are Dave Cowens, and George McCloud, the first lottery selection in school history. [11]

NCAA Tournament appearances 1968, 1972, 1978, 1980, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1998, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021
NIT appearances 1984, 1987, 1997, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2014, 2016
ACC Regular Season Champions 2020
ACC Tournament Champions 2012

Women's basketball Edit

Head Coach
Sue Semrau 23rd Season
Seminoles Women's Retired Numbers
No. Player Year
43 Sue Galkantas 1982–83
22 Wanda Burns 1987–91
30 Tia Paschal 1989–93
21 Brooke Wyckoff 1997–2001

The women's basketball program has made nineteen tournament appearances. In the 2006–07 season, Florida State advanced to its first NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen in school history. The Seminoles won the ACC regular season titles in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, the Seminoles made it to the Elite Eight round, the deepest advance in the tournament in program history, matching that run in 2015 and again in 2017. [12]

NCAA Tournament appearances 1983, 1990, 1991, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021
WNIT appearances 1982, 2003, 2004
ACC Regular Season Champions 2009, 2010

Football Edit

In 1902, the Florida State College in Tallahassee fielded its first varsity football team. The FSC program posted a record of 7–6–1 over the next three seasons, including a record of 3–1 against their rivals from the old University of Florida (formerly known as Florida Agricultural College) in Lake City. In 1904, the Florida State College football team became the first-ever state champions of Florida after beating both the University of Florida and Stetson University. In 1905, however, the Florida Legislature reorganized the state's higher education system by abolishing the existing state-supported colleges, and creating the new University of the State of Florida in Gainesville, and the new Florida State College for Women in Tallahassee. Many former Florida State College male students transferred to the new University of the State of Florida (renamed the University of Florida in 1909).

Following World War II, Florida State College for Women became coeducational and was renamed Florida State University in 1947, and the school once again started a football team. After its first season, FSU joined the Dixie Conference, which it won in each of the three years it was a member. It withdrew from the conference in 1951 and competed as an independent team for the next forty years. [13]

Under head coach Bobby Bowden, the football team became one of the nation's most competitive football teams, greatly expanding the tradition of football at Florida State. [14] The Seminoles played in five national championship games between 1993 and 2001, and have claimed the championship three times, in 1993, 1999, and 2013. The FSU football team was the most successful team in college football during the 1990s, boasting an 89% winning percentage. [15] FSU also set an NCAA record for most consecutive Top 5 finishes in the AP football poll – receiving placement fourteen years in a row, from 1987 to 2000. The Seminoles were the first college football team in history to go wire-to-wire (ranked first place from preseason to postseason) since the AP began releasing preseason rankings in 1936. FSU also owns the record for most consecutive bowl game victories with 11 between 1985 and 1996 and made a post-season appearance for thirty-six straight seasons from 1982-2017. [14] The Seminole football team has also won eighteen conference championships in the Dixie and Atlantic Coast.

National Champions 1993, 1999, 2013
Playoff appearances 2014
ACC Champions 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2012, 2013, 2014
ACC Atlantic Division Champions 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014
Bowl victories 1950 Cigar Bowl, 1965 Gator Bowl, 1977 Tangerine Bowl, 1982 Gator Bowl, 1983 Peach Bowl, 1985 Gator Bowl, 1986 All-American Bowl, 1988 Fiesta Bowl, 1989 Sugar Bowl, 1990 Fiesta Bowl, 1990 Blockbuster Bowl, 1992 Cotton Bowl, 1993 Orange Bowl, 1994 Orange Bowl, 1995 Sugar Bowl, 1996 Orange Bowl, 1998 Sugar Bowl, 2000 Sugar Bowl, 2002 Gator Bowl, 2005 Gator Bowl, 2006 Emerald Bowl, 2008 Champs Sports Bowl, 2010 Gator Bowl, 2010 Chick-fil-A Bowl, 2011 Champs Sports Bowl, 2013 Orange Bowl, 2014 BCS National Championship, 2016 Orange Bowl, 2017 Independence Bowl

Cheerleading Edit

The Florida State cheerleaders cheer at all football games as well as home basketball and volleyball games. The Seminoles won the National Cheerleaders Association championship in 1997 and finished in third place at the Universal Cheerleaders Association finals in 2019. The dance team that performs at football and basketball games is known as the Golden Girls.

Golf Edit

Men's golf Edit

The Seminoles have made thirty-six NCAA tournament appearances including twenty-four national championship appearances and seventeen regionals. Florida State has won thirteen conference championships. The Seminoles have appeared in thirteen straight NCAA tournaments and were the top seed in the 2015 tournament, a year in which they won a school record four straight in-season tournaments. In the 2021 season, John Pak won the Haskins Award, Hogan Award, and Nicklaus Award.

Women's golf Edit

The Seminoles have made eight AIWA tournament appearances, twenty-six NCAA tournament appearances including eleven national championship appearances and twenty-three regionals. Florida State has won three conference championships.

Women's soccer Edit

Since adding soccer as a sport, Florida State has made twenty-one appearances in the NCAA tournament and eleven appearances in the College Cup. The Seminoles won national championships in 2014 and 2018. [16]

NCAA Champions 2014, 2018
NCAA College Cup appearances 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2020
NCAA Tournament appearances 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
ACC Tournament Champions 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2020
ACC Regular Season Champions 2009, 2012, 2014, 2020

Softball Edit

The softball team plays at the Seminole Softball Complex the field is named for JoAnne Graf, the winningest coach in softball history. [17] An 8–1 victory over Jacksonville on February 22, 2006, made her only the second coach in NCAA history to record 1,100 NCAA fast-pitch wins. In 1999, Florida State received a softball complex, which also houses the soccer stadium.

Head Coach
Lonni Alameda 13th Season
USA National Softball Player of the Year
Player Year
Jessica van der Linden 2004
Lacey Waldrop 2014

Florida State's accomplishments include two AIAW national championships, one NCAA national championship, eleven trips to the Women's College World Series, thirty-three NCAA Tournaments, thirty-five All-Americans, and seventeen conference titles, as well as thirty-seven forty win seasons.

For over two decades, FSU has been one of the most dominant softball programs in the history of collegiate softball. Only five teams in the history of the NCAA have been to more WCWS than Florida State and no school east of Arizona has been to more NCAA Tournaments than the Seminoles. Florida State has made a regional appearance every year since 2000.

In 2015, Lacey Waldrop and Maddie O'Brien became the first players from the school to be drafted into the National Pro Fastpitch league and Jessica Burroughs became the school's first number one overall pick in 2017. [18]

NCAA Champions 2018
AIAW Champions 1981, 1982
NCAA WCWS appearances 1987, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 2002, 2004, 2014, 2016, 2018, 2021
ACC Tournament Champions 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
ACC Regular Season Champions 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
ACC Atlantic Division Champions 2018, 2019

Track and field Edit

The men's track and field team has won consecutive NCAA national championships and ACC championships. In 2006, the team had individual champions in the 200 m (Walter Dix), the triple jump (Rafeeq Curry), and the shot put (Garrett Johnson). In 2007, Dix became the first person to hold the individual title in the 100 m, 200 m, and 4*100 m Relay at the same time. [19]

Rugby Edit

The Florida State Rugby Football Club was founded in 1970, [20] and plays Division 1 college rugby in the South Independent Rugby Conference. The Seminoles won the conference championship in 2012, defeating the University of Central Florida. [21] With this conference championship, FSU qualified for the national playoffs and finished the spring 2012 regular season ranked 22nd in the country. [22] In the national playoffs, Florida State defeated in-state rivals Florida 34-12 in the Sweet 16, before losing to Tennessee 45-27 in the quarterfinals. [23] FSU is led by head coach Michael Gomez.

NCAA all-sports rankings Edit

Florida State Athletics has made great strides in the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA) standings in the last twenty years. Since joining the Atlantic Coast Conference, FSU has been ranked among the top fifty NCAA Division I athletic programs in the country. From the 2006–2007 through 2014–2015 academic years, Florida State cracked the top 15 every year, including two top 5 finishes in 2009–2010 and 2011–2012, and four top 10 finishes in 2010–2011, 2014–2015, 2017–2018, and 2018–2019. [24]

NACDA All-Sports Rankings [25]

Florida State has won nineteen national team championships (including nine sponsored by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), three by the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), two by the Bowl Championship Series, and one by the Bowl Coalition), and its individual athletes have numerous individual NCAA national championships. [26]

NCAA team championships Edit

Florida State University has won 9 NCAA team national championships: [26]

Other national team championships Edit

Below are the 10 national team titles that were bestowed by other college athletics entities:

  • Men's (6):
      (3): 1993, 1999, 2013 (3): 1955, 1957, 1958 [27]
    • Cheerleading (1): 1997 (1): 1981 (2): 1981, 1982

    Florida State has also been national runners-up twenty-one times in nine sports: baseball (3), men's basketball (1), beach volleyball (2), men's cross country (1), women's cross country (2), football (2), women's golf (1), softball (1), women's soccer (2), men's indoor track and field (2), men's outdoor track and field (2), and women's outdoor track and field (2).

    • Total Conference Championships (191)
      • Atlantic Coast Conference (101)
      • Metro Conference (68)
      • Dixie Conference (10)
      • Southeastern Independent (3)
      • Florida Intercollegiate Conference (3)
      • Coastal Collegiate Sports Association (5)

      Division championships Edit

      Sport Division Championship years Number of championships
      Baseball ACC Atlantic 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 8
      Football ACC Atlantic 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014 6
      Softball ACC Atlantic 2018, 2019 2
      Total Championships: 16

      Florida State University has invested and continues to invest largely in the athletic centers and facilities around campus. The most visible stadium is Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium which is surrounded by the University Center, which houses the university administration, several colleges and departments.

      Coyle E. Moore Athletics Center

      Albert J. Dunlap Athletic Training Facility

      Bill Harkins Field at the Manley R. Whitcomb Band Complex

      Seminole Basketball Training Center

      The 40,000 square foot Florida State Basketball Training Center is attached to the Donald L. Tucker Center and is one of the nation's top basketball-only facilities. The $10 million facility opened in April 2002 is home to the Seminole men's and women's basketball programs and is truly a first class facility for its players and coaching staff. It provides a permanent home for the Seminoles to practice, hold meetings and watch film. The Seminoles have their own practice floor, locker rooms, coaches' offices, meeting and film rooms, an expansive player's lounge, a tradition room and offices for support staff.

      Tully Gymnasium has been home to Florida State volleyball for many years. The facility, which was constructed in 1956, was named for the late Robert Henry (Bobby) Tully, a 1952 FSU graduate and football player. Active on campus, Tully was a member of Gold Key, Omicron Delta Kappa, the Arnold Air Society and Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. He died in May 1954 after battling illness. With a capacity of 1,162, the gymnasium has undergone several renovations in recent years. Prior to the 2004 season, the playing floor was replaced with a new state-of-the-art Nike Shox floor. New lighting was added before the 1999 season. Most recently in 2011, locker room renovations occurred to add to the facility's appeal. Tully Gymnasium also features new arena-style padded seating with armrests which were installed to create a more comfortable atmosphere for Seminole fans while watching Florida State volleyball. On November 2, 2000 in a special ceremony, Florida State dedicated the floor of Tully Gymnasium to Lucy McDaniel, the first woman in the state of Florida to donate more than one million dollars to a women's athletic program. The facility became known as the Lucy McDaniel Volleyball Court at Tully Gymnasium prior to the 2001 season, in honor of the gifts and support that McDaniel has provided to the Lady Seminole volleyball program and Florida State athletics.

      Florida State University Beach Volleyball Courts

      In 2012, Florida State started intercollegiate competition in beach volleyball, which the NCAA then called "sand volleyball". Beach volleyball courts were constructed adjacent to Mike Long Track and the soccer training fields.

      Mcintosh Track and Field Building at Mike Long Track

      Morcom Aquatics Center

      In 2008 Florida State opened the new $10.5 million Morcom Aquatic Center. The state-of-the-art facility is located on the Southwest Campus next to the Don Veller Seminole Golf Course. The main pool features up to 30 practice lanes and maintains a temperature of 80 degrees. FSU swims in the same pool that hosted the 2005 FINA World Championships in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The diving well features two one-meter and two three-meter springboards as well as one, three, five, seven-and-a-half and 10 meter platforms. The platforms are 10 feet wide making them the widest in the nation. The diving pool is kept temperature controlled at 82 degrees and also features a compression bubble used to soften a divers impact during entry while practicing platform dives. Divers will also be able to practice their dives using the dryland equipment which includes two springboards attached to an intricate rope and pulley system and a trampoline. Locker rooms and coaches offices are located in the adjoined 10,000 square-foot building, which house the athletes equipment and coaching staff.

      Scott Speicher Tennis Center at the Donald Loucks Courts

      The Speicher Tennis Center was named in honor of Lieutenant Commander Michael Scott Speicher, a graduate of Florida State University. Speicher was considered the first American casualty during Operation Desert Storm, but was later reclassified by the United States government as missing in action in 2001 and missing or captured a year later. However, in 2009 Speicher's remains were found in the Anbar province of Iraq after a nearly 20-year search. The Scott Speicher family was later honored by Florida State at a home football game with a missing man formation flyover from the Navy. By Presidential directive, the facility bears the name the "Scott Speicher Tennis Center". In 1947, Loucks became Florida State's first basketball coach and a year later was named the school's first tennis coach. His tennis team was the first athletic team. The varsity tennis courts were named for Loucks in 1981. He served as Dean of men from 1957 to 1967 and was known as a servant of leadership, service and devotion to many worthy causes. With the first stage of construction completed in the summer of 1993, the Scott Speicher Tennis Center at the Donald Loucks Courts opened its gates to the public for the first time at a Children's Miracle Network charity tournament. Through its 18 year existence, the Scott Speicher Tennis Center at the Donald Loucks Courts has served as the home courts for all Florida State men's and women's home dual matches, the annual Seminole Fall Classics, City of Tallahassee tennis championships, various USTA regional and zonal tournaments, the 1994 and 1995 Men's Intercollegiate tournament and the annual Children's Miracle Network Charity Invitational benefiting Shands Hospital in Gainesville. The tennis center has also been the site for the ITA Summer Circuit for men's and women's tennis in which high school and collegiate athletes participate in singles and double matches.

      Indoor Tennis Facility

      Located on the Southwest Campus, the Indoor Tennis Facility was completed in April 2011 adjacent to the aquatics center, Seminole golf course and the engineering buildings. The multi-million dollar Indoor practice facility serves as an additional playing arena for the Florida State tennis teams. Since the completion in spring of 2011, the facility has served as both a site for training and competition. The building hosts six regulation courts, locker rooms, athletic training room, equipment room, office and lobby. For the next phase, plans are in place to add spectator seating, team lounges, extended locker rooms, offices and a press box. Besides use from the tennis programs the Multi-Purpose Educational Facility is used for academic classes, clinics and camps. The facility is the only indoor tennis facility approved for college competition in the state of Florida and only one of a few in the southeast.

      Apalachee Regional Park

      Apalachee Regional Park is the home course for the Florida State Seminoles men's and women's cross country teams.

      A number of FSU alumni have found success in professional sports, with 123 active alumni competing in sports including basketball, football, baseball and golf. [29]

      FSU Hall of Fame Edit

      The first hall of fame class was inducted in 1977. [31]

      Olympians Edit

      FSU alums have competed at the Olympic Games, winning twelve medals: four golds, four silvers, and four bronzes. Florida State has competed at consecutive Olympics since the 1972 Summer Olympics, sending a school-record 21 Olympians in 2016. [33]

      Athlete Team Games
      Katherine Rawls United States 1932 Summer Olympics, 1936 Summer Olympics
      Rafael A. Lecuona Cuba 1948 Summer Olympics, 1952 Summer Olympics, 1956 Summer Olympics
      Bill Roetzheim United States 1948 Summer Olympics, 1952 Summer Olympics
      Don Holder United States 1952 Summer Olympics
      Margaret Coomber Great Britain 1972 Summer Olympics
      Danny Smith Bahamas 1972 Summer Olympics, 1976 Summer Olympics
      Phil Boggs United States 1976 Summer Olympics
      Wendy Fuller Canada 1980 Summer Olympics, 1988 Summer Olympics
      Bradley Cooper Bahamas 1984 Summer Olympics, 1988 Summer Olympics
      Orvill Dwyer-Brown Jamaica 1984 Summer Olympics
      Brenda Cliette United States 1984 Summer Olympics
      Esmeralda Garcia Brazil 1984 Summer Olympics, 1988 Summer Olympics
      Randy Givens United States 1984 Summer Olympics
      Walter McCoy United States 1984 Summer Olympics
      Marita Payne Canada 1984 Summer Olympics, 1988 Summer Olympics
      Angela Wright-Scott United States 1984 Summer Olympics
      Arthur Blake United States 1988 Summer Olympics, 1992 Summer Olympics
      Michelle Finn-Burrell United States 1992 Summer Olympics
      Tom Reither Chile 1992 Summer Olympics
      Keam Ang Malaysia 1996 Summer Olympics
      Kim Batten United States 1996 Summer Olympics, 2000 Summer Olympics
      Rob Braknis Canada 1996 Summer Olympics
      Brandon Dedekind South Africa 1996 Summer Olympics, 2000 Summer Olympics
      Nelson Mora Venezuela 1996 Summer Olympics
      Julio Santos Ecuador 1996 Summer Olympics, 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics
      Samantha George Canada 2000 Summer Olympics
      Iain Harnden Zimbabwe 2000 Summer Olympics
      Jayson Jones Belize 2000 Summer Olympics
      Doug Mientkiewicz United States 2000 Summer Olympics
      Wickus Neinaber Swaziland 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics
      Stephen Parry Great Britain 2000 Summer Olympics, 2004 Summer Olympics
      Brett Peterson South Africa 2000 Summer Olympics
      Tal Stricker Israel 2000 Summer Olympics
      Brian Dzingai Zimbabwe 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics
      Golda Marcus El Salvador 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics
      Chris Vythoulkas Bahamas 2004 Summer Olympics
      Kimberly Walker Trinidad & Tobago 2004 Summer Olympics
      Yuruby Alicart Venezuela 2008 Summer Olympics
      Gonzalo Barroilhet Chile 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics
      Jonathan Borlée Belgium 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics
      Kevin Borlée Belgium 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics
      Ricardo Chambers Jamaica 2008 Summer Olympics
      Rafeeq Curry United States 2008 Summer Olympics
      Walter Dix United States 2008 Summer Olympics
      Tom Lancashire Great Britain 2008 Summer Olympics
      Andrew Lemoncello Great Britain 2008 Summer Olympics
      Ngoni Makusha Zimbabwe 2008 Summer Olympics
      Barbara Parker Great Britain 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics
      Kaleigh Rafter Canada 2008 Summer Olympics
      Ariel Rittenhouse United States 2008 Summer Olympics
      Dorian Scott Jamaica 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics
      Mateo de Angulo Colombia 2012 Summer Olympics
      Hannah England Great Britain 2012 Summer Olympics
      Kemar Hyman Cayman Islands 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics
      Lacy Janson United States 2012 Summer Olympics
      Maurice Mitchell United States 2012 Summer Olympics
      Ciaran O'Lionaird Ireland 2012 Summer Olympics
      Kimberly Williams Jamaica 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics
      Anne Zagre Belgium 2012 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics
      Katrina Young United States 2016 Summer Olympics, 2020 Summer Olympics
      Alonzo Russell Bahamas 2016 Summer Olympics
      Stephen Newbold Bahamas 2016 Summer Olympics
      Shaquania Dorsett Bahamas 2016 Summer Olympics
      Stefan Brits South Africa 2016 Summer Olympics
      Kellion Knibb Jamaica 2016 Summer Olympics
      Violah Lagat Kenya 2016 Summer Olympics
      Marvin Bracy United States 2016 Summer Olympics
      Colleen Quigley United States 2016 Summer Olympics
      Pavel Sankovich Belarus 2016 Summer Olympics
      Nick Lucena United States 2016 Summer Olympics
      Linden Hall Australia 2016 Summer Olympics
      Susan Kuijken Netherlands 2016 Summer Olympics
      Leticia Romero Spain 2016 Summer Olympics
      Leonor Rodriguez Spain 2016 Summer Olympics
      Meme Jean Haiti 2016 Summer Olympics
      Gabby Carole Canada 2020 Summer Olympics
      Casey Krueger United States 2020 Summer Olympics
      Emir Muratovic Bosnia and Herzegovina 2020 Summer Olympics
      Ida Hullo Finland 2020 Summer Olympics
      Julio Horrego Honduras 2020 Summer Olympics
      Izaak Bastian Bahamas 2020 Summer Olympics

      The athletic department emerged in January 2010 from NCAA sanctions resulting from the discovery of academic cheating by athletes in 2006–2007. This discovery involved athletes in ten sports programs who were taking an online course in music history. An NCAA investigation resulted in scholarship limits and negation of wins involving compromised athletes. [34] Florida State appealed parts of the decision. [35] [36] [37] The penalties removed fourteen football wins from the career total of Seminoles football coach Bobby Bowden, yet the coach temporarily claimed the all-time record for Division 1 football wins in 2012 when a far larger number of victories was deducted from the career total of Pennsylvania State University football coach Joe Paterno. Paterno's wins were later reinstated, however, following an appeal from the Penn State Board of Trustees in January 2015., [38] leaving Coach Bowden with the 2nd all-time winningest record in Division 1 football.

      Additionally, FSU vacated 22 wins in men's basketball, an NCAA post season baseball victory, one national championship in men's track and field, an NCAA tournament victory in women's basketball, as well as other wins in these and several other men's and women's sports. [39]


      Contents

      Early history Edit

      As early as the 1890s, Florida State had a football team. Florida State University traces the start of its athletic program to 1902, when Florida State College played the first of its three seasons. [5] From 1902 to 1904, the institution then known as Florida State College fielded a varsity football team called "The Eleven" that played other teams. [6] The Florida State players wore gold uniforms with a large purple F on the front. Their pants were lightly padded, but their upper bodies were largely unprotected. Leather helmets with ear guards covered their heads, and shoehorn-shaped metal nose guards were strapped across their faces. [7] In 1905, the state reorganized its secondary education under the Buckman Act and the football team moved to the University of Florida. [5] In 1947, Florida's university system faced a heavy influx of returning soldiers taking advantage of the G.I. Bill. To accommodate the demand, on May 15, 1947, the Governor signed an act of the Legislature returning Florida State College for Women to coeducational status and naming it The Florida State University. This is recognized as the beginning of Florida State University's current American football program.

      In 1902 Florida State College students, supported by president Albert A. Murphree, organized the school's first official football club to play against other schools and teams. The team was known as the "Florida State College Eleven" and W. W. Hughes, professor of Latin and the head of men's sports at the school, served as the first coach. [8] They played their first game against the Bainbridge Giants, a city team from Bainbridge, Georgia, defeating them 5–0. The team then played back-to-back matches against Florida Agricultural College (which later merged into what is now the University of Florida) one week apart, winning the first 6–0 and losing the second 0–6. The following season student enthusiasm grew even more, and the Eleven arranged a full schedule of six games. They competed against teams such as the University of Florida in Lake City (as Florida Agricultural College was then called), Georgia Tech, and the East Florida Seminary (another school that merged into the University of Florida), and finished the season by competing against Stetson College in Jacksonville for The Florida Times-Union 's Championship Cup. [9] The following year Jack Forsythe, later the first head coach of the Florida Gators, replaced Hughes as coach, and the Eleven won the unofficial "state championship" by defeating Stetson in Tallahassee. [10] Jock Hanvey assisted Forsythe.

      This would be The Eleven's last season, however, as the Florida State Legislature passed the Buckman Act, which reorganized Florida's six colleges into three institutions segregated by gender and race: a school for white males, a school for white females, and a school for African Americans. Florida State College became Florida Female College until 1909, when it became Florida State College for Women. [11] Four other institutions (including the University of Florida in Lake City and the East Florida Seminary) were merged into the new white men's-only University of the State of Florida in Gainesville. [12] Males who formerly attended Florida State College were required to transfer to the Gainesville campus, [11] although several former FSC players transferred to Grant University (now the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga), with five joining Grant's football team. In 1909 several veterans of the FSC Eleven founded a city team named the Tallahassee Athletics, but this folded after one season. Except for this, until 1947, Tallahassee's only organized or collegiate football team were the team from the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes (now Florida A&M University). [12]

      Foundation of the modern team (1947–1959) Edit

      The end of World War II brought enormous pressure on the university system in Florida, which saw an influx of veterans applying for college under the GI Bill. The Florida Legislature responded by renaming the Florida State College for Women to Florida State University and allowing men to attend the university for the first time since 1905 football then returned to the university, beginning with the 1947 season. From 1948 through 1959, the Seminole football program achieved much success under coaches Don Veller and Tom Nugent.

      Ed Williamson, who introduced football to the school, served as the first coach of the Florida State Seminoles. In his first and only season with Florida State, the Seminoles posted an 0–5 record. Williamson has the worst record out of all the head coaches at Florida State and the only coach to have a winless mark.

      As the second coach at Florida State, Don Veller coached at Florida State for five years and compiled a record of 31–12–1. Veller was the first coach to find success coaching the Seminoles. In 1950, Veller led the Seminoles to an 8–0 record, the first unbeaten season in school history.

      Once Veller left the school, Tom Nugent became the third coach at Florida State. He stayed at Florida State for six years and compiled a record of 34–28–1. In one of his most notable accomplishments, Nugent gave the Seminoles their first win over an SEC opponent with a 10–0 victory against Tennessee in 1958.

      The fourth coach at Florida State was Perry Moss who coached the Seminoles for one year after compiling a 4–6 record. He became the second Florida State coach to leave the school with a losing record and the second to coach at the school for only one season after leaving to coach in the CFL.

      Bill Peterson era (1960–1970) Edit

      With the arrival of head coach Bill Peterson in 1960, the Seminoles began their move to national prominence. Under Peterson's direction, the Seminoles beat the Florida Gators for the first time in 1964 and earned their first major bowl bid. Peterson also led the Seminoles to their first ever top ten ranking. During his tenure as head coach, Peterson also gave a young assistant by the name of Bobby Bowden his first major college coaching opportunity. [13]

      Although not widely known, the Seminoles achieved their first ever number one ranking during this period. In October 1964, the Dunkel College Football Index, a popular power index of that era, placed the Seminoles at the top of their poll after a stunning 48–6 win over highly ranked Kentucky (AP No. 5, Dunkel No. 3). Peterson would be named UPI national coach of the week after this program changing victory. [14] [15] In an era of very few bowl games, Peterson's innovative offensive system helped earn the Seminoles four bowl bids from 1964 through 1968. During this time, only Alabama and Mississippi appeared in more bowl games than did Peterson's Seminoles. In 1968, Peterson's eighth year at the helm, the Seminoles claimed their third straight bowl bid as Florida State became the first major college in the state of Florida to earn such a distinction. The Seminoles would not repeat this feat again until the ninth season of the Bobby Bowden era. [16]

      In the summer of 1967, Peterson also engineered another first for the Seminole program when he decided to begin the recruitment of African American football players. Apparently, he did so without approval from either the school president or its athletic director. On December 16, 1967, the Seminoles signed Ernest Cook, a fullback from Daytona Beach. Several months later, the Seminoles would sign running back Calvin Patterson from Dade County. Ultimately, Cook decided to switch his allegiance to Minnesota where he would become an All-Big Ten running back. In the fall of 1968, Patterson would become the first African American student to play for the Seminoles as a starter for the Florida State freshmen football team. In the fall of 1970, J. T. Thomas would become the first African American to play in a varsity game for the Seminoles. [17] [18]

      Larry Jones and Darrell Mudra eras (1971–1975) Edit

      Following Peterson's successful run, the next two coaches had disappointing tenures. Larry Jones was appointed as the sixth head coach at Florida State. Jones coached for three years from 1971-1973 and compiled a record of 15–19, becoming the third Florida State coach to have a losing record. Darrell Mudra was then hired to be the seventh coach of the Seminoles. Mudra lasted just two years from 1974-1975 and compiled a record of 4–18. He became the fourth head coach to have a losing record at Florida State.

      Bobby Bowden era (1976–2009) Edit

      Under head coach Bobby Bowden, who came to Florida State from West Virginia, the Seminoles became one of the nation's most competitive programs, greatly expanding the tradition of football at Florida State. The Seminoles played in five national championship games between 1993 and 2000, and claimed the championship twice, in 1993 and 1999. The FSU football team was the most successful team in college football during the 1990s, boasting an 89% winning percentage. FSU also set an NCAA record for most consecutive Top 5 finishes in the AP football poll – receiving placement 14 years in a row, from 1987 to 2000. The Seminoles under Bowden were the first college football team in history to go wire-to-wire (ranked first place from preseason to postseason) since the AP began releasing preseason rankings in 1936. On December 1, 2009 Bowden announced that he would retire from coaching after the Seminoles' game on New Year's Day 2010 against West Virginia, Bowden's former team, in the Gator Bowl. His legacy has led to the creation of two awards in his honor, the Bobby Bowden Award, an award presented to college football players, and the Bobby Bowden National Collegiate Coach of the Year Award, an award presented to college football coaches.

      In the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, the Seminoles had 14 consecutive seasons with 10 or more wins and a top four finish, with a record of 152–19–1 between these years (11 of their 19 losses were decided by seven points or less), and one of the best home records of the era. FSU's accomplishments in these 14 seasons included eleven bowl wins, nine ACC championships, two Heisman Trophy winners, and two national championships.

      In the spring of 2007, several FSU athletes including football players were accused of cheating in an online music history class. The NCAA ruled that Florida State was guilty of major violations, announced that it would reduce scholarship limits in 10 sports and force Florida State to vacate all of the victories in 2006 and 2007 in which the implicated athletes participated and placed the university on probation for four years. [19] FSU vacated 12 football victories from the 2006 and 2007 seasons, Bowden finished his career with 377 career wins. [20]

      Jimbo Fisher era (2010–2017) Edit

      On January 5, 2010, Jimbo Fisher officially became the ninth head football coach in Florida State history. Fisher had been a member of the Florida State staff for three years, serving as offensive coordinator. He was named head coach-in waiting during the 2008 season. Fisher's ascension helped lead Florida State to a top-10 recruiting class in 2010 and the No. 1 and No. 2 recruiting class in the country, according to ESPN and Rivals. In his first season as head coach, Florida State went 10–4 with a 6–2 record in ACC conference play. The Seminoles went to their first ACC Championship Game since 2005, losing to Virginia Tech 44–33, and had their first ten win season since 2003. Fisher's first Florida State team notably beat both of its in-state rivals, the Miami Hurricanes 45–17 and the Florida Gators 31–7, for the first time since 1999. Florida State would go on to the Chick-fil-A Bowl, where they would beat Steve Spurrier's South Carolina team, 26–17. In his second season, Florida State went 9–4 with a 5–3 record in ACC conference play. For the second year in a row, the Seminoles defeated both of their in-state rivals. Fisher's second Florida State team also defeated Notre Dame in the Champs Sports Bowl. Fisher brought in another top-ranked recruiting class in 2012. In his third season, he led the Seminoles to their first conference title in seven years and defeated Northern Illinois to win the Orange Bowl. In the 2013 season, Jimbo Fisher guided his team to a perfect 14–0 record and a national championship with a comeback win against Auburn.

      Although it was not apparent at the time, Fisher's tenure crested at this point. In 2014, he guided Florida State to another undefeated regular season, only to be throttled by Oregon 59-20 in the Rose Bowl–the most points the Seminoles had ever surrendered in a bowl game. Florida State had victories over both in-state rivals, Florida and Miami, in six of Jimbo Fisher's first seven seasons as head coach and won ten or more games in six of his eight seasons. While the Seminoles would win at least 10 games in the next two seasons and even finished eighth in the final 2016 poll, they lost five games in ACC play–one fewer than they had lost in Fisher's first five seasons. One of those losses was a 63-20 rout at the hands of Louisville, the most points Florida State had ever surrendered at the time.

      It all came unraveled in 2017. The Seminoles were ranked third in preseason polls, but a 24-7 drubbing by Alabama and a close loss to NC State knocked them out of the polls altogether for the first time since the middle of the 2011 season. They never seemed to get on track, and ultimately finished with their first losing on-field record in ACC play since joining the league.

      Fisher resigned as FSU head coach on December 1, 2017, to accept a record ten-year, $75 million contract to become head coach at Texas A&M. Defensive line coach and former defensive lineman Odell Haggins was named interim head coach, becoming Florida State's first African-American head coach, and coached in his first game the next day against Louisiana-Monroe. The Seminoles won, extending their bowl streak to an NCAA record 36 seasons. He went on to coach the Seminoles in the bowl game, leading them to a win and their 41st consecutive winning season.

      A 2019 article in Bleacher Report revealed that the decline of the Seminole program began after the 2013 national championship season several assistants claimed that the players seemed to lose their drive at this point. The Bleacher Report article also revealed that Fisher had taken a laissez-faire attitude toward academics, giving his assistants a mandate to "keep players eligible" above all else. By the time Fisher left, Florida State had the worst Academic Progress Rate score of any Power Five program, and was actually on the verge of an automatic postseason ban. [21]

      Willie Taggart tenure (2018–2019) Edit

      On December 5, 2017, Willie Taggart left Oregon to become the new head coach at Florida State. [22] In his first season, the Seminoles finished with a losing record for the first time since 1976 and missed a bowl game for the first time in 36 years. [23] On November 3, 2019, Taggart was fired following a loss to the University of Miami and a 4-5 record throughout the first nine games of the season. Haggins was once again named interim head coach to finish out the season. [24]

      Mike Norvell era (2020–present) Edit

      On December 8, 2019, Memphis coach Mike Norvell was named the new head coach at Florida State. [25] Following his hire, Norvell named former assistants Kenny Dillingham and Adam Fuller as offensive and defensive coordinators. [26] [27]

      In the first year of the program, Florida State competed as an independent program without conference affiliation. They were members of the Dixie Conference for three years before returning to independence. They would remain this way until 1992 when, after being courted by several conferences including the Southeastern Conference, they opted to join the Atlantic Coast Conference which is the same conference that they compete in today.

        (1902–1904) (1947) (1948–1950)
    • Independent (1951–1991) (1992–present)
      • Atlantic Division (2005–present)

      National championships Edit

      Florida State has been selected national champions in eight seasons by NCAA-designated major selectors. [28] [29] : 114–115 Florida State claims the 1993, 1999 and 2013 national titles. [30]

      Year Coach Selector Record Bowl Opponent Result
      1980 Bobby Bowden FACT 10–2 Orange Oklahoma L 17–18
      1987 Bobby Bowden Berryman 11–1 Fiesta Nebraska W 31–28
      1992 Bobby Bowden Sagarin 11–1 Orange Nebraska W 27–14
      1993 Bobby Bowden Associated Press, Berryman, Billingsley Report, DeVold System, Dunkel System, Eck Ratings System, FACT, Football News, Football Writers Association of America, National Championship Foundation, New York Times, Sagarin, Sagarin (ELO-Chess), Sporting News, United Press International, USA Today/CNN (coaches), USA Today/NFF 12–1 Orange Nebraska W 18–16
      1994 Bobby Bowden Dunkel 10–1–1 Sugar Florida W 23–17
      1996 Bobby Bowden Alderson System 11–1 Sugar Florida L 20–52
      1999 Bobby Bowden BCS, USA Today, AP, FW, NFF 12–0 Sugar Virginia Tech W 46–29
      2013 Jimbo Fisher BCS, USA Today, AP, FW, NFF 14–0 BCS NC Game Auburn W 34–31

      1993 season Edit

      The Seminoles entered 1993 with a number one ranking and were led by quarterback and eventual Heisman Trophy winner Charlie Ward.

      Florida State cruised to a 9–0 record with their closest game being an 18-point win over Miami. The only loss of the season came at second-ranked and undefeated Notre Dame by a score of 31–24, in one of the greatest games in college football history. Despite the loss, Florida State still went on to play for the national title, beating Nebraska in the Orange Bowl with a field goal in the final seconds to claim the school's first national title.

      1999 season Edit

      After falling short in the national title game against Tennessee in 1998, the Seminoles began the 1999 season ranked first in the country.

      Florida State would go on to complete just the second undefeated season in school history and became the first team in history to be ranked number one for an entire season. The Noles would clinch their second national title with a victory over Virginia Tech in the Sugar Bowl.

      2013 season Edit

      After the 2012 season, FSU lost six coaches including defensive coordinator Mark Stoops Despite the numerous coaching changes and off the field incidents, Florida State would go on to become the highest scoring team in FBS history by scoring 723 points in a single season en route to their third national championship. The 2013 Seminoles would hand then third ranked Clemson their worst home loss, set a new attendance record at Doak Campbell Stadium of 84,409 against the seventh ranked Miami Hurricanes, and set a school scoring record of 80 points in a game against the University of Idaho behind freshman quarterback and eventual Heisman Trophy winner Jameis Winston.

      Conference championships Edit

      Season Conference Coach Overall Conference
      1948 Dixie Don Veller 7–1 4–0
      1949 Dixie Don Veller 9–1 4–0
      1950 Dixie Don Veller 8–0 2–0
      1992 ACC Bobby Bowden 11–1 8–0
      1993 ACC Bobby Bowden 12–1 8–0
      1994 ACC Bobby Bowden 10–1–1 8–0
      1995† ACC Bobby Bowden 10–2 7–1
      1996 ACC Bobby Bowden 11–1 8–0
      1997 ACC Bobby Bowden 11–1 8–0
      1998† ACC Bobby Bowden 11–2 7–1
      1999 ACC Bobby Bowden 12–0 8–0
      2000 ACC Bobby Bowden 11–2 8–0
      2002 ACC Bobby Bowden 9–5 7–1
      2003 ACC Bobby Bowden 10–3 7–1
      2005 ACC Bobby Bowden 8–5 5–3
      2012 ACC Jimbo Fisher 12–2 7–1
      2013 ACC Jimbo Fisher 14–0 8–0
      2014 ACC Jimbo Fisher 13–1 8–0

      Division championships Edit

      Year Division Coach Opponent ACC CG Result
      2005† ACC Atlantic Bobby Bowden Virginia Tech W 27–22
      2008† ACC Atlantic Bobby Bowden Boston College won the divisional tiebreaker
      2010 ACC Atlantic Jimbo Fisher Virginia Tech L 33–44
      2012† ACC Atlantic Jimbo Fisher Georgia Tech W 21–15
      2013 ACC Atlantic Jimbo Fisher Duke W 45–7
      2014 ACC Atlantic Jimbo Fisher Georgia Tech W 37–35

      This is a partial list of the ten most recent bowl games Florida State has competed in. For the full FSU bowl game history. Florida State has played in 49 bowl games in its history and has a 28–17–3 record in those games. The Seminoles are the ninth most successful bowl team in history and played in a record 36 consecutive bowl games from 1982-2017, although the NCAA doesn't recognize this because their 2006 Emerald Bowl win and appearance were both vacated as a result of the 2007 academic scandal.

      Season Date Bowl Opponent Result
      2009 January 1, 2010 Gator Bowl West Virginia W 33–21
      2010 December 31, 2010 Chick-fil-A Bowl South Carolina W 26–17
      2011 December 29, 2011 Champs Sports Bowl Notre Dame W 18–14
      2012 January 1, 2013 Orange Bowl Northern Illinois W 31–10
      2013 January 6, 2014 BCS National Championship Game Auburn W 34–31
      2014 January 1, 2015 Rose Bowl (College Football Playoff) Oregon L 20–59
      2015 December 31, 2015 Peach Bowl Houston L 24–38
      2016 December 30, 2016 Orange Bowl Michigan W 33–32
      2017 December 27, 2017 Independence Bowl Southern Mississippi W 42–13
      2019 December 31, 2019 Sun Bowl Arizona State L 14–20

      Florida State has had 14 head coaches since organized football began in 1902. [31] [32] [33] Bobby Bowden, who spent 34 years at Florida State, is the winningest coach in school history and has been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. During his tenure, Bobby Bowden won two national championships with the Seminoles, while Jimbo Fisher won one. Fisher and Bowden also have the second and third best ACC winning percentages in conference history.

      Tenure Coach Years Record Pct. Bowl Games
      1902–1903 W. W. Hughes 2 5–3–1 .611 0–0–1
      1904 Jack Forsythe 1 2–3 .400
      1947 Ed Williamson 1 0–5 .000
      1948–1952 Don Veller 5 31–12–1 .716 1–0
      1953–1958 Tom Nugent 6 34–28–1 .548 0–2
      1959 Perry Moss 1 4–6 .400
      1960–1970 Bill Peterson 11 62–42–11 .587 1–2–1
      1971–1973 Larry Jones 3 15–19 .441 0–1
      1974–1975 Darrell Mudra 2 4–18 .182
      1976–2009 Bobby Bowden 34 304–97–4 ‡ .756 20–9–1 ‡
      2010–2017 Jimbo Fisher 8 83–23 .783 5–2
      2017, 2019 Odell Haggins† 2 4–2 .667 1–1
      2018–2019 Willie Taggart 2 9–12 .429
      2020–present Mike Norvell 1 3–6 .333

      ‡ Bobby Bowden's record omits 12 vacated victories including 1 bowl victory, that would otherwise make his record 316–97–4.

      The Florida State Seminoles originally played their home games at Centennial Field until 1950. The Seminoles had an 8–4 record at Centennial, including two undefeated home records. The team play their home games at Doak Cambell Stadium, which has a capacity of 79,560. Florida State is 306–99–4 in 409 games played at Doak Campbell.

      The stadium, named after former school president Doak Sheridan Campbell, hosted its first game against the Randolph-Macon College Yellowjackets on October 7, 1950 with the Seminoles winning the game 40–7. At that time the facility had a seating capacity of 15,000. Doak Campbell Stadium, with its original capacity of 15,000 in 1950, was built at a cost of $250,000. In 1954, the stadium grew to a capacity of 19,000. Six thousand more seats were added in 1961. During the Bill Peterson era (1960–70), the stadium was expanded to 40,500 seats, and it remained at that capacity for the next 14 years. Since that time, the stadium has expanded to almost 83,000, largely due to the success of the football team under head coach Bobby Bowden coupled with the ever-growing student body. It now is the second largest football stadium in the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC).

      Aesthetically, a brick facade surrounding the stadium matches the architectural design of most of the buildings on the university's campus. In addition to the obvious recreational uses, The University Center surrounds the stadium and houses many of the university's offices as well as The College of Motion Picture Arts, The Dedman School of Hospitality, and The College of Social Work. The field was officially named Bobby Bowden field on November 20, 2004 as Florida State hosted intrastate rival Florida. Florida State has been recognized as having one of the best gameday atmospheres in the country, and Doak Campbell Stadium has been named one of the top stadiums in college sports. [34]

      Doak Campbell Stadium has been a great home field advantage for the Noles. Florida State is one of only three schools that can boast a decade home field unbeaten streak. The Seminoles never lost a home game from 1992–2001, a total of 54 games, and have completed 23 undefeated seasons at their home stadiums, including 21 at Doak Campbell.

      The record crowd for the stadium is 84,431 set during a game against the Notre Dame Fighting Irish on October 18, 2014.

      Florida Edit

      The Florida Gators are the main rival of the Florida State Seminoles. Florida State and Florida have played each other 64 times, with the Gators holding a 36–26–2 advantage. [35] After the arrival of Bobby Bowden in 1976, the Seminoles have compiled a record of 24–21–1 the rivals share a record of 10-10 against each other since 2000. The game alternates between Florida's home stadium, Ben Hill Griffin Stadium at Florida Field in Gainesville, Florida and Florida State's home stadium, Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium in Tallahassee, Florida.

      Miami Edit

      The rivalry dates to 1951, when the Miami Hurricanes defeated the Seminoles 35–13 in their inaugural meeting. The schools have played uninterrupted since 1966, with Miami leading the series 35–30. [36] Florida State holds a 10–7 advantage since the Hurricanes became a conference foe in 2004.

      During the 1980s and 90s, the series emerged as one of the premier rivalries in college football. Between 1983 and 2013, the Hurricanes and Seminoles combined to win 8 national championships (5 for Miami, 3 for Florida State) and played in 15 national championship games (1983, 85, 86, 87, 89, 91, 92, 93, 96, 98, 99, 2000, 01, 02, 13). The rivalry has been popular not only because of its profound national championship implications and the competitiveness of the games but also because of the immense NFL-caliber talent typically present on the field when the two teams meet. The famous 1987 matchup featured over 50 future NFL players on both rosters combined.

      The rivalry is a television ratings bonanza, accounting for the two highest rated college football telecasts in ESPN history. The 2006 game between Miami and FSU was the second most-viewed college football game, regular season or bowl, in the history of ESPN, averaging 6.33 million households in viewership (a 6.9 rating). It trailed only the 1994 game between Miami and FSU, which notched a 7.7 rating. [37]

      The Florida Cup is the trophy sponsored by the state of Florida given to either the Florida State University Seminoles, the University of Florida Gators, or the University of Miami Hurricanes for winning a round-robin against the other two teams in the same season (including bowl games if necessary). [38]

      It was created in 2002 by the Florida Sports Foundation, the official sports promotion and development organization of the state of Florida, and the Florida Championships Awards, Inc. The idea of finally having a trophy for the round robin winner between the three schools was enthusiastically endorsed by then governor Jeb Bush. Along with the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy (given to the winner of the round robin between Army, Navy and Air Force), the Florida Cup is one of the very few three way rivalries that presents a trophy to the winner.

      The Florida Cup was awarded to the Florida State Seminoles in 2013, as Florida and Miami played in the regular season. The Makala Trophy is awarded to the winner of the Florida–Florida State game at the winning team's spring scrimmage. [39]

      Clemson Edit

      Florida State has a rivalry with Atlantic Division foe Clemson Tigers. Florida State leads the all-time series 20–13. [40] The Seminoles dominated the contests through most of the 1990s but 1999 marked a milestone as the hire of Bobby Bowden's son Tommy led to the first meeting, in 1999, which was the first time in Division I-A history that a father and a son met as opposing head coaches in a football game. During the time Tommy coached at Clemson, the game was known as the "Bowden Bowl" Bobby won the series in the 9 years it was played before Tommy's resignation, taking 5 of those games with all four losses within the last five seasons.

      One sticking point in the rivalry remains that a proud Clemson Tiger program that was strong in the 1980s had won 6 of the past 11 ACC titles from 1981–91. 1991 would be the last ACC Championship the Tigers would win until 2011 as Florida State entered the ACC in 1992 and proceeded to win the next 9 ACC Championships in a row, and 12 of the next 14 in the series.

      Virginia Edit

      The Seminoles also have a rivalry with the Virginia Cavaliers. [41] [42] [43] Florida State and Virginia compete for the Jefferson–Eppes Trophy. The two schools have played for the trophy since its creation in 1995. It has been awarded a total of 19 times, with FSU receiving it 14 times (FSU vacated its 2006 win). The Seminoles hold the all-time advantage 14–4. [44] Because of conference expansion, the teams no longer play annually the teams last met in 2019.

      The Jefferson–Eppes Trophy is awarded to the winner of the Florida State–Virginia game. This game was played annually from 1992 through 2005, but since the conference split into divisions, the teams meet twice every six years. Florida State has been awarded the trophy 15 times.

      • 1950First Game at Doak – Florida State played the first game at Doak Campbell Stadium, a 40–7 win over Randolph-Macon College. [45]
      • 1964FSU's First Win Over UF – Florida State had never beaten Florida, gaining only a 3–3 tie in six tries, all at Gainesville. Since 1947, when Florida State College for Women became Florida State University, its athletes have endured "girl school" taunts. During the week Florida players wore stickers on their helmets in practice reading "Never, FSU, Never." The thrust may have added considerable fuel to FSU's already blazing fire. FSU's aggressive defense helped force five Florida fumbles, and the Seminoles claimed four of them. The Tribe intercepted two passes. FSU lost two fumbles and had one pass intercepted. Steve Tensi connected on 11 of 22 throws for 190 yards. Fred Biletnikoff, a decoy much of the way and well covered by Florida, caught only two, for 78 yards and a touchdown. The 16–7 win ended six years of FSU frustration against the Gators and left Florida with a 5–3 record. FSU ended its regular season with an 8–1–1 chart, a showing exceeded only by an unbeaten 1950 season. [46]
      • 1988Puntrooskie – Florida State had a 4th down and 4 to go at its own 21-yard line with about a minute and a half to go in the 4th quarter at Clemson. They lined up to punt but the ball was snapped to an up back who handed it to Leroy Butler who ran down the left side of the field all the way to the Clemson 4-yard line. Florida State wound up kicking a field goal to win the game, 24–21. [47][48]
      • 1991Big Win at the Big House – In their first trip ever to Michigan Stadium, Florida State would beat the No. 3 Michigan Wolverines 51–31 behind quarterback Casey Weldon's 268 yards and 2 touchdowns and Amp Lee's 122 yards rushing. One of the most memorable plays in Florida State history occurred on Michigan's 1st play in the 1st quarter when cornerback Terrell Buckley returned an Elvis Grbac interception for a 40-yard touchdown. [49]
      • 1993Ward to Dunn – The Seminoles came into The Swamp ranked No. 1 and looking to play for the national championship. Florida had clinched the SEC East championship and were themselves ranked in the top five. Early on it looked to be a Florida State rout, as the Seminoles took a 27–7 lead into the fourth quarter. However, Florida scored two quick touchdowns to make the score 27–21. With six minutes remaining, the Seminoles faced third down at their own 21-yard-line. In what many people consider the greatest play in Florida State history, Heisman Trophy winning quarterback Charlie Ward hit freshman Warrick Dunn up the sideline for a 79-yard game-clinching touchdown run and a 33–21 FSU win. [50]
      • 1994FSU Wins First National Championship – This 60th edition of the Orange Bowl featured the Nebraska Cornhuskers and the Florida State Seminoles. Florida State came into the game 11–1, and ranked first in the nation. Nebraska came into the game undefeated at 11–0, and with a number 2 ranking. Late in 4th quarter, FSU's Heisman trophy winning quarterback Charlie Ward drove the Seminoles all the way to the Nebraska 3-yard line. The Huskers held and forced Scott Bentley to kick his fourth field goal of the night, which was good, and FSU led 18–16 with just 21 seconds remaining. Florida State players and coaches went wild on the sidelines, and were penalized for excessive celebration, costing them 15 yards on the ensuing kickoff. As a result, the Huskers were able to get a decent return and began their final possession at their own 43-yard line. As time ran down, Tommy Frazier hit tight end Trumane Bell for a 29-yard gain to the FSU 28-yard line. The clock ticked down to 0:00, setting off more chaos on the FSU sideline, complete with the compulsory Gatorade bath given to FSU coach Bobby Bowden. However, referee John Soffey ruled that Bell was down with 1 second left on the clock, and ordered the field cleared, allowing Nebraska placekicker Byron Bennett an opportunity to kick the game-winning field goal. But the 45-yard kick sailed wide left, preserving the 18–16 win for the Seminoles. [51][52]
      • 1994The Choke at Doak – In the greatest fourth-quarter comeback of the series, the Gators led the Seminoles 31–3 after three quarters. However, the Seminoles scored 28 points in the final 15 minutes to tie the game at 31–31. [53]
      • 1995The Fifth Quarter in the French Quarter – After the Choke at Doak game ended in a 31–31 tie both teams where selected to the 1995 Sugar Bowl. The game would become known as "The Fifth Quarter in the French Quarter." With 1:32 left in the game All-America linebacker Derrick Brooks intercepted a pass from Danny Wuerffel to seal FSU's victory 23–17. [54][55]
      • 1996No. 1 vs No. 2 – The No. 1–ranked and undefeated Gators came into Tallahassee favored against the second-ranked Seminoles. The 'Noles got off to a quick start when Peter Boulware blocked the Gator's first punt of the game, resulting in a touchdown. Florida's eventual Heisman Trophy winner quarterback Danny Wuerffel threw three interceptions in the first half, and FSU had a 17–0 lead after one quarter of play. Wuerffel got on track after that, throwing for three touchdowns. The last one (to WR Reidel Anthony) cut the Florida State lead to three points with just over a minute left to play. The ensuing onside kick went out of bounds, however, and the Seminoles held on for the 24–21 upset win. [56]
      • 1997Top Five Matchup in Chapel Hill – In the first ACC game between two teams ranked in the top five, Florida State dominated North Carolina 20-3, the Tar Heels' only defeat on the season. [57]
      • 2000FSU Wins Second National Championship – Florida State scored first and took advantage of a blocked punt for a touchdown, giving the Seminoles a 14–0 lead in the first quarter. Virginia Tech, led by QB Michael Vick, answered with a touchdown drive of its own before the end of the quarter, but Florida State scored two quick touchdowns to begin the second quarter. Virginia Tech scored a touchdown before halftime, but halfway through the game, Florida State held a 28–14 lead. In the third quarter, Virginia Tech's offense gave the Hokies a lead with a field goal and two touchdowns. Tech failed to convert two two-point conversions, but held a 29–28 lead at the end of the third quarter. Florida State answered in the fourth quarter, however, taking a 36–29 lead with a touchdown and successful two-point conversion early in the quarter. From this point, the Seminoles did not relinquish the lead, extending it to 46–29 with a field goal and another touchdown. With the win, Florida State clinched the 1999 BCS national championship, the team's second national championship in its history. [58]
      • 2005The Miami Muff – In 2005, the Florida State Seminoles finally gained some redemption for the past Wide Right heartbreaks. Miami kicker John Peattie missed two field goals in the 1st quarter, while FSU kicker Gary Cismesia was 1/2 for the game. Trailing 10–7 in the 4th, the Hurricanes drove down the field to set up a game-tying field goal with 2:16 left. When the ball was snapped, it was mishandled by holder Brian Monroe and the ball never reached the kicker's foot. Florida State took over on downs and ran out the clock to end Miami's six-game winning streak in the rivalry. [59]
      • 2010The Golden Toe – In the first-ever walk-off, game-winning kick in school history, Dustin Hopkins booted a 55-yard field goal as time expired to lift the Seminoles to a 16–13 victory over Clemson. [60]
      • 2013Top Five Matchup in Death Valley – In the second ACC game between two teams ranked in the top five, Florida State handed Clemson their worst home loss in school history. [61]
      • 2014FSU Wins Third National Championship – After Florida State scored a field goal on their first drive, Auburn responded with a touchdown in the first quarter and two in the second to storm out to a 21–3 lead. After a successful punt fake, the Seminoles managed a late touchdown before halftime to go into the locker room down, 21–10. Both teams dominated on defense in the third quarter with the Seminoles hitting a field goal to cut the lead to 8. In the fourth quarter, Florida State scored a touchdown early to make it a one-point game. After Auburn made a field goal, Levonte Whitfield returned the following kickoff 100 yards to give the Seminoles the lead, 27–24. Auburn answered with a touchdown to go up 31–27 with 1:19 remaining. On their final drive of 7 plays, Florida State scored a touchdown with 13 seconds remaining, benefiting from a pass interference by Auburn's Chris Davis Jr. on a crucial 3rd and 8. The Seminoles emerged victorious 34–31 to end the SEC's streak of 7 consecutive BCS titles. [62]
      • 2016The Block at The Rock - Late in the fourth quarter against rival Miami, Florida State had a touchdown lead. Miami scored on an 11-yard reception by Stacey Coley with 1:38 left in the game to make the score 20–19 with an extra point attempt coming. Defensive end DeMarcus Walker blocked the extra point to give Florida State a one-point win. [63]

      Individual national award winners Edit

      Heisman Trophy
      Best Player
      Maxwell Award
      Best Player
      Walter Camp Award
      Best Player
      Chic Harley Award
      Best Player
      Archie Griffin Award
      Most Valuable Player
      AP Player of the Year
      1993 – Charlie Ward, QB
      2000 – Chris Weinke, QB
      2013 – Jameis Winston, QB
      1993 – Charlie Ward, QB 1993 – Charlie Ward,QB
      2013 – Jameis Winston, QB
      1993 – Charlie Ward, QB 2013 – Jameis Winston, QB 2013 – Jameis Winston, QB
      Davey O'Brien Award
      Best Quarterback
      Manning Award
      Best Quarterback
      Kellen Moore Award
      Best Quarterback
      Johhny Unitas Award
      Best Senior Quarterback
      Sammy Baugh Trophy
      Best Passer
      Jim Brown Award
      Best Runningback
      Paul Warfield Award
      Best Wide Receiver
      John Mackey Award
      Best Tight End
      Dave Remington Trophy
      Best Center
      1993 – Charlie Ward
      2000 – Chris Weinke
      2013 – Jameis Winston
      2013 – Jameis Winston 1991 – Casey Weldon
      1993 – Charlie Ward
      1991 – Casey Weldon
      1993 – Charlie Ward
      2000 – Chris Weinke
      2000 – Chris Weinke 2015 – Dalvin Cook 1999 – Peter Warrick 2014 – Nick O'Leary 2013 – Bryan Stork
      Jim Thorpe Award
      Best Defensive Back
      Jack Tatum Trophy
      Best Defensive Back
      Lombardi Award
      Best Lineman/Best Linebacker
      Bill Willis Trophy
      Best Defensive Lineman
      Butkus Award
      Best Linebacker
      Jack Lambert Trophy
      Best Linebacker
      1988 – Deion Sanders
      1991 – Terrell Buckley
      1991 – Terrell Buckley
      2016 – Tarvarus McFadden
      1992 – Marvin Jones
      2000 – Jamal Reynolds
      1997 – Andre Wadsworth
      2000 – Jamal Reynolds
      1987 – Paul McGowan
      1992 – Marvin Jones
      1992 – Marvin Jones
      1994 – Derrick Brooks
      Lou Groza Award
      Best Kicker
      Vlade Award
      Most Accurate Kicker
      1998, 1999 – Sebastian Janikowski
      2008 – Graham Gano
      2013 – Roberto Aguayo
      2013, 2014 – Roberto Aguayo
      Bobby Bowden Award
      Best Student Athlete
      2010 – Christian Ponder

      Bobby Dodd Award
      Coach of the Year
      Walter Camp Award
      Coach of the Year
      Home Depot Award
      Coach of the Year
      1980 – Bobby Bowden 1991 – Bobby Bowden 1994 – Bobby Bowden
      Broyles Award
      Best Assistant Coach
      1996 – Mickey Andrews, DC
      Paul "Bear" Bryant Award
      Lifetime Achievement
      Bobby Bowden Award
      Lifetime Achievement
      2010 – Bobby Bowden 2011 – Bobby Bowden

      Individual conference awards Edit

      Players Edit

      Coaches Edit

      Heisman Trophy Edit

      Three Florida State players have been awarded the Heisman Trophy. Charlie Ward received the award in 1993, Chris Weinke in 2000 and Jameis Winston in 2013. Casey Weldon finished as runner-up in 1991. [65]

      Year Name Position Place Ref.
      1984 Greg Allen RB 7th
      1988 Deion Sanders DB 8th
      1991 Casey Weldon QB 2nd
      1992 Marvin Jones
      Charlie Ward
      LB
      QB
      4th
      6th
      1993 Charlie Ward QB 1st
      1995 Warrick Dunn RB 9th
      1996 Warrick Dunn RB 5th
      1999 Peter Warrick WR 6th
      2000 Chris Weinke QB 1st
      2013 Jameis Winston QB 1st
      2014 Jameis Winston QB 6th
      2015 Dalvin Cook RB 7th [66]
      2016 Dalvin Cook RB T-10th [67]

      Consensus All-Americans Edit

      219 Florida State players have been honored as All-American players with 38 being awarded as consensus All-Americans. [ citation needed ] [ when? ] Seven Florida State players have been two-time consensus All-Americans.

      Year(s) Name Number Position
      1964 Fred Biletnikoff 25 WR
      1967–1968 Ron Sellers 34 WR
      1979–1980 Ron Simmons 51 DL
      1983 Greg Allen 26 RB
      1985 Jamie Dukes 64 OL
      1987–1988 Deion Sanders 2 CB
      1989 LeRoy Butler 6 CB
      1991–1992 Marvin Jones 55 LB
      1991 Terrell Buckley 27 CB
      1993 Charlie Ward 17 QB
      1993–1994 Derrick Brooks 10 LB
      1993 Corey Sawyer 8 CB
      1994 Clifton Abraham 2 CB
      1995 Clay Shiver 53 C
      1996 Peter Boulware 58 DE
      1996 Reinard Wilson 55 DE
      1997 Sam Cowart 1 LB
      1997 Andre Wadsworth 85 DE
      1998–1999 Sebastian Janikowski 38 K
      1998–1999 Peter Warrick 9 WR
      1999 Corey Simon 53 DL
      1999 Jason Whitaker 68 OL
      2000 Tay Cody 27 CB
      2000 Snoop Minnis 13 WR
      2000 Jamal Reynolds 58 DE
      2003–2004 Alex Barron 70 OL
      2010 Rodney Hudson 62 OL
      2011 Shawn Powell 45 P
      2012 Björn Werner 95 DL
      2013 Lamarcus Joyner 20 S
      2013 Bryan Stork 52 C
      2013 Jameis Winston 5 QB
      2014 Roberto Aguayo 19 K
      2014 Tre' Jackson 54 OL
      2014 Nick O'Leary 35 TE
      2015 Jalen Ramsey 8 CB
      2016 Dalvin Cook 4 RB
      2016 DeMarcus Walker 44 DE

      Unanimous All-Americans Edit

      15 Florida State players have been selected as unanimous All-Americans. Deion Sanders is the only Seminole to have been honored as a two-time unanimous selection. [68]

      Year(s) Name Number Position
      1987–1988 Deion Sanders 2 CB
      1991 Terrell Buckley 27 CB
      1992 Marvin Jones 55 LB
      1993 Charlie Ward 17 QB
      1993 Derrick Brooks 10 LB
      1999 Sebastian Janikowski 38 K
      1999 Peter Warrick 9 WR
      2000 Jamal Reynolds 58 DE
      2004 Alex Barron 70 OL
      2010 Rodney Hudson 62 OL
      2012 Björn Werner 95 DL
      2013 Lamarcus Joyner 20 S
      2014 Tre' Jackson 54 OL
      2016 Dalvin Cook 4 RB

      Honored jersey numbers Edit

      No. Name Position Career Ref.
      2 Deion Sanders CB 1985–88 [69]
      9 Peter Warrick WR 1995-1999 [70]
      10 Derrick Brooks LB 1991–1994 [69]
      16 Chris Weinke QB 1997–2000 [69]
      17 Charlie Ward QB 1989–1993 [69]
      25 Fred Biletnikoff WR 1962–1964 [69]
      27 Terrell Buckley CB 1989–1991 [69]
      28 Warrick Dunn RB 1993–1996 [69]
      34 Ron Sellers WR 1966–1968 [69]
      50 Ron Simmons DT 1977–1980 [69]
      55 Marvin Jones LB 1990–1992 [69]

      College Football Hall of Fame Edit

      Seven FSU players and three coaches have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.

      Name Position Career Inducted Ref.
      Ron Sellers WR 1966–1968 1988 [71]
      Fred Biletnikoff WR 1962–1964 1991 [71]
      Darrell Mudra Coach 1974–1975 2000 [71]
      Bobby Bowden Coach 1976–2009 2006 [71]
      Charlie Ward QB 1989, 1991–1993 2006 [71]
      Ron Simmons DT 1977–1980 2009 [71]
      Deion Sanders CB 1985–1988 2011 [71]
      Derrick Brooks LB 1992–1994 2016 [72]
      Mack Brown Coach 1972–1973 (player) 2018 [73]
      Terrell Buckley CB 1989–1991 2019 [74]

      Pro Football Hall of Fame Edit

      Four former Seminoles have been inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. [ citation needed ]

      Name Position Career Inducted
      Fred Biletnikoff WR 1965–1978 1988
      Deion Sanders CB 1989–2000, 2004–2005 2011
      Derrick Brooks LB 1995–2008 2014
      Walter Jones OL 1997–2008 2014

      Canadian Football Hall of Fame Edit

      One former Seminole has been inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. [75]

      Name Position Career Inducted
      Danny McManus QB 1984–1987 2011

      Playoffs Edit

      The Seminoles have made one appearance in the College Football Playoff.

      Year Seed Opponent Round Result
      2014 3 No. 2 Oregon Semifinal – Rose Bowl L 20–59

      All-time record vs. current ACC teams Edit

      Opponent Won Lost Tied Pct. Streak First Last
      Boston College 12 1 5 0 .706 Won 2 1957 2019 [76]
      Clemson 20 13 0 .606 Lost 5 1970 2019 [77]
      Duke 19 2 0 0 1.000 Won 19 1992 2020 [78]
      Georgia Tech 14 12 1 .537 Lost 2 1903 2020 [79]
      Louisville 16 5 0 .762 Lost 1 1952 2020 [80]
      Miami 30 35 0 .462 Lost 4 1951 2020 [81]
      North Carolina 16 3 1 .825 Won 1 1983 2020 [82]
      NC State 26 1 14 0 .650 Lost 1 1952 2020 [83]
      Notre Dame * 6 4 0 .600 Lost 2 1981 2020 [84]
      Pittsburgh 4 6 0 .400 Lost 1 1971 2020 [85]
      Syracuse 11 2 0 .846 Won 1 1966 2019 [86]
      Virginia 14 1 4 0 .778 Lost 1 1992 2019 [87]
      Virginia Tech 23 13 1 .635 Lost 1 1955 2018 [88]
      Wake Forest 30 7 1 .803 Lost 1 1956 2018 [89]
      Totals 241 123 4 .660

      *Notre Dame is an associate member of the ACC with a scheduling agreement in football
      * 1 Denotes one win vacated during the 2006 and 2007 seasons
      * 2 Denotes two wins vacated during the 2006 and 2007 seasons

      All-time record vs. non-conference opponents Edit

      * 1 Denotes win vacated during the 2006 and 2007 seasons
      * 3 Denotes win via forfeit

      Polls Edit

      Florida State has ended their football season ranked 38 times in either the AP or Coaches Poll. [91] [ failed verification ]
      Top-10 finishes are colored ██

      Year Record AP Poll† Coaches‡
      1964 9–1–1 11
      1967 7–2–2 15
      1968 8–3–0 14
      1971 8–4–0 19
      1977 10–2–0 14 11
      1979 11–1–0 6 8
      1980 10–2–0 5 5
      1982 9–3–0 13 10
      1984 7–3–2 17 19
      1985 9–3–0 15 13
      1986 7–4–1 20
      1987 11–1–0 2 2
      1988 11–1–0 3 3
      1989 10–2–0 3 2
      1990 10–2–0 4 4

      † AP Poll began selecting the nation's Top 20 teams in 1939. Only the Top 10 teams were recognized from 1962–1967. The AP Poll expanded back to the Top 20 teams in 1968. In 1989, it began recognizing the Top 25 teams.
      ‡ UPI/Coaches Poll began selecting its Top 20 teams on a weekly basis in 1950 before expanding to the nations's Top 25 teams in 1990.

      Many Florida State traditions are associated with athletics events, especially football, such as Osceola and Renegade, the planting of the spear at midfield during pregame, the lighting of the spear on the night before games, the FSU Fight Song, the Marching Chiefs, the FSU Hymns, the War Chant, and the Tomahawk Chop. The team's uniforms pay respect to the Seminole culture using tribal influences with Native American symbols representing an arrow, a man on a horse, and fire. [92] Fans of the Florida State Seminoles are known as The Tribe, a nod to the nickname that the team carries.

      Osceola and Renegade Edit

      Osceola and Renegade are the official symbols of the Florida State Seminoles. During home football games, Osceola, portraying the Seminole leader Osceola, charges down the field at Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium riding an appaloosa horse named Renegade, and hurls a burning spear at midfield to begin every game. The Seminole Tribe of Florida officially sanctions the use of the Seminole as Florida State University's nickname and of Osceola as FSU's symbol. [93]

      Marching Chiefs Edit

      The Marching Chiefs is the official marching band of the Florida State Seminoles. The band plays at every home game as well as at some away games (Clemson, Miami, and Florida) as well as any Championship or Bowl game. There are upwards of 470 members in the band, holding the distinction of being the world's largest collegiate marching band.

      War Chant Edit

      The Seminole War Chant was first used in a 1984 game against Auburn. [94] The chant was started in FSU's Marching Band – The Marching Chiefs, originally by members of the percussion section. The melody is based on the 1960s cheer, massacre. [95] The chant has also become associated with the tomahawk chop.

      The War Chant would be adopted by the Atlanta Braves when FSU football alumnus Deion Sanders joined the team, and has been used ever since. Craig Day began the Chop at now-defunct Fulton County stadium in response to UF Gator fans doing the Gator Chomp every time Deion came up to the plate. It is also used by the NFL team the Kansas City Chiefs, Mexican soccer club Santos Laguna and the Turkish soccer club Galatasaray.

      Sod Cemetery Edit

      For Florida State Football, "sod games" and the Sod Cemetery have been a rich part of the Seminoles college football history, commemorating many of the greatest victories. Away from home and against the odds, Florida State sod games represent the most difficult battles on the football field. The Sod Cemetery stands as a tribute to those triumphs. There are 103 pieces of sod in the cemetery.

      In 1962, as the Seminoles completed their Thursday practice in preparation to face Georgia at Sanford Stadium, Dean Coyle Moore – a long-time professor and member of FSU's athletic board – issued a challenge: "Bring back some sod from between the hedges at Georgia." On Saturday, October 20, the Seminoles scored an 18–0 victory over the favored Bulldogs. Team captain Gene McDowell pulled a small piece of grass from the field, which was presented to Moore at the next football practice. Moore and FSU coach Bill Peterson had the sod buried on the practice field as a symbol of victory. A monument was placed to commemorate the triumph and the tradition of the sod game was born.

      Before leaving for all road games in which Florida State is the underdog, all road games at the University of Florida and all ACC championship and bowl games, Seminole captains gather their teammates to explain the significance of the tradition. Victorious captains return with a piece of the opponent's turf to be buried in the Sod Cemetery inside the gates of the practice field. [96] In recent years, as the Florida State program has been successful, games of significance regardless of whether or not the Seminoles are the underdog, can be designated a "sod game." This most recently occurred in 2013 when the Seminoles traveled to Clemson, South Carolina in what was called the biggest game in ACC history. The Seminoles defeated Clemson, 51–14, in what was the biggest margin of victory in Clemson's Memorial Stadium.

      College GameDay Edit

      The Seminoles have appeared on ESPN's College GameDay 35 times, with 6 bowl appearances. The first ever broadcast of the show took place in South Bend, Indiana when then No. 1 FSU traveled to play the No. 2 Notre Dame Fighting Irish in what was called the Game of the Century. Florida State is 17–18 in games played when College GameDay has traveled to Seminole games. Florida State has hosted the program 11 times, the most by any ACC school. The most recent visit came in 2014 when Notre Dame played in Tallahassee. The Seminoles have a 7–4 record when Gameday is on campus.

      Date Location Home Team Away Team Result PF PA
      November 13, 1993 South Bend, Indiana No. 2 Notre Dame No. 1 Florida State L 24 31
      October 8, 1994 Miami, Florida No. 13 Miami No. 3 Florida State L 20 34
      October 7, 1995 Tallahassee, Florida No. 1 Florida State Miami W 41 17
      November 25, 1995 Gainesville, Florida No. 3 Florida No. 6 Florida State L 24 35
      November 30, 1996 Tallahassee, Florida No. 2 Florida State No. 1 Florida W 24 21
      January 2, 1997 New Orleans, Louisiana (Sugar Bowl) No. 1 Florida State No. 3 Florida L 20 52
      November 8, 1997 Chapel Hill, North Carolina No. 5 North Carolina No. 3 Florida State W 20 3
      November 22, 1997 Gainesville, Florida No. 10 Florida No. 2 Florida State L 29 32
      October 24, 1998 Atlanta, Georgia No. 20 Georgia Tech No. 6 Florida State W 34 7
      January 4, 1999 Tempe, Arizona (Fiesta Bowl) No. 1 Tennessee No. 2 Florida State L 16 23
      November 20, 1999 Gainesville, Florida No. 3 Florida No. 1 Florida State W 30 23
      January 4, 2000 New Orleans, Louisiana (Sugar Bowl) No. 1 Florida State No. 2 Virginia Tech W 46 29
      October 7, 2000 Miami, Florida No. 7 Miami No. 1 Florida State L 24 27
      November 18, 2000 Tallahassee, Florida No. 3 Florida State No. 4 Florida W 30 7
      January 3, 2001 Miami, Florida (Orange Bowl) No. 1 Oklahoma No. 3 Florida State L 2 13
      October 13, 2001 Tallahassee, Florida No. 14 Florida State No. 2 Miami L 27 49
      October 26, 2002 Tallahassee, Florida No. 11 Florida State No. 6 Notre Dame L 24 34
      October 11, 2003 Tallahassee, Florida No. 5 Florida State No. 2 Miami L 14 22
      November 29, 2003 Gainesville, Florida No. 11 Florida No. 9 Florida State W 38 34
      September 17, 2005 Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts No. 17 Boston College No. 8 Florida State W 28 17
      September 4, 2006 Miami, Florida No. 12 Miami No. 11 Florida State W 13 10
      October 3, 2009 Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts Boston College Florida State L 21 28
      November 28, 2009 Gainesville, Florida No. 1 Florida Florida State L 10 37
      September 17, 2011 Tallahassee, Florida No. 5 Florida State No. 1 Oklahoma L 13 23
      September 22, 2012 Tallahassee, Florida No. 4 Florida State No. 10 Clemson W 49 37
      October 19, 2013 Clemson, South Carolina No. 3 Clemson No. 5 Florida State W 51 14
      November 2, 2013 Tallahassee, Florida No. 3 Florida State No. 7 Miami W 41 14
      January 6, 2014 Pasadena, California (BCS National Championship) No. 1 Florida State No. 2 Auburn W 34 31
      August 30, 2014 Fort Worth, Texas Oklahoma State No. 1 Florida State W 37 31
      September 20, 2014 Tallahassee, Florida No. 1 Florida State No. 22 Clemson W 23 17
      October 18, 2014 Tallahassee, Florida No. 2 Florida State No. 5 Notre Dame W 31 27
      January 1, 2015 Pasadena, California (Rose Bowl) No. 3 Oregon No. 2 Florida State L 20 59
      September 17, 2016 Louisville, Kentucky No. 10 Louisville No. 2 Florida State L 20 63
      September 2, 2017 Atlanta, Georgia No. 1 Alabama No. 3 Florida State L 7 24
      September 26, 2020 Miami Gardens, Florida No. 12 Miami Florida State L 10 52
      Totals 17–18 895 977

        – Retired college footballhead coach, College GameDay analyst [97] – Actor [98][99] – Head coach of the North Carolina Tar Heels and former coach of the Texas Longhorns[100] – Former President of Florida State University from 2003-2009 [101] – Hall of Fame NFL player, football analyst and celebrity personality. Noted as the being the only player to play in both the World Series and Super Bowl.

      Seminoles in the NFL Edit

      Florida State has sent 269 players to the National Football League since 1951, [102] including 45 first-round draft picks. Jameis Winston holds the record as the highest Seminole taken in the NFL Draft as he was selected with the first overall pick by Tampa Bay in the 2015 draft, the highest by a Florida State player since Andre Wadsworth was selected third overall by the Arizona Cardinals in 1998. Eleven players, a school record, were taken in the 2013 NFL Draft, a record tied in 2015. [103] Florida State had 29 players drafted over a three-year period from 2013–2015, the most of any team in the modern draft. [104]

      Sixty-seven former players have gone on to play in the Super Bowl [105] with two, Fred Biletnikoff and Dexter Jackson, being named the Super Bowl MVP. Three former Seminoles (Derrick Brooks, Warrick Dunn and Anquan Boldin) have won the Walter Payton Award.

      Announced schedules as of September 19, 2019. [106] By decree of the Florida Board of Regents, Florida State and Florida must play each other every year. [107]


      SEMINOLE CULTURE AND HISTORY

      The Seminole culture did not exist in Florida until the 1770s.  There were at least 15 Native American tribes who lived in Florida before the Spanish arrived in the 1500s and before the Seminole arrived.  

      Three Generations of Seminoles

      The original tribes disappeared within 200 years, either dying of European diseases or enslaved in the Caribbean by the Spanish.

      The Seminoles emerged in the 1700s from a combination of various Native American tribes who settled in Florida. 

      The dominant tribe was the northern Muscogee Creeksਏrom Georgia and Alabama.

      The word “Seminole” is derived from a Creek word or may be a corruption of the Spanish word “cimarron” which means runaway or wild one. 

      Florida State University, Osceola and his horse Renegade

      The Seminoles intermarried with free blacks and escaped slaves, hence the runaway designation. 

      Most Seminoles were relocated by 1842 to reservations west of the Mississippi River.  The remaining population fought 3 wars against the United States. 

      The few hundred who never surrendered moved to the Everglades.

      In the twentieth century, the Miccosukee separated from the Seminoles and became a recognized tribe.

      Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum
      Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation,
      34725 W. Boundary Rd., Clewiston, Fl 33440.
      Tel: 877-902-1113

      https://www.ahtahthiki.com

      This museum in the heart of the Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation has a collection of more than 180,000 artifacts, archival items, and experiences. 

      You will learn about the Seminole people and their rich historical and cultural ties to the State of Florida and the Southeastern United States. 

      The museum grounds include a one mile raised boardwalk that meanders through a 60-acre cypress dome typical of the Everglades.

      You will also see a Seminole village and ceremonial grounds.

      Billie Swamp Safari Airboat

      Billy Swamp Safari
      30000 Gator Tail Trail, Clewiston, Florida 33440.
      Tel: 863-983-6101

      www.billieswamp.com

      Billie Swamp Safari is on the Big Cypress Seminole Indian Reservation. 

      It features tours and attractions that will teach you about the Seminole culture.  Among the experiences is a 55 minute swamp buggy eco-tour through the natural settings of the Everglades. 

      You can also take an air boat ride in the Everglades where you will see fish, snakes, turtles, and alligators.  The Seminoles also put on a snake show. 

      You will also see various animal exhibits featuring birds and reptiles.

      Dade Battlefield Hiatoric State Park

      Dade Battlefield Historic State Park
      7200 CR 603, Bushnell, Florida 33513.  Tel: 352-793-4781
      https://www.floridastateparks.org/park/Dade-Battlefield

      This park was established in 1921 to preserve and commemorate the site of Dade’s Battle of 1835.  Of 110 American soldiers, only 3 survived the ambush.

      The Seminole culture calls this "Dade's Battle"  the American culture at the time called it "Dade's Massacre".

      This battle precipitated the longest and costliest Indian war in American history. 

      The park is the location of an annual battle reenactment in January.

      The history of the event is preserved in a small museum at the Visitor Center.  The exhibits in this museum include an award winning 12- minute video about the historic battle. 

      The park has beautiful grounds, picnic pavilions, and hiking trails.

      Seminole Wars Heritage Trail Publication

      Florida Seminole Wars Heritage Trail
      Numerous locations across the State of Florida
      https://dos.myflorida.com/historical/preservation/heritage-trails/seminole-wars-heritage-trail/

      The Seminoles fought 3 wars from 1817 to 1858 against the United States in a struggle to remain in their Florida ancestral homeland. 

      The State of Florida offers a free 56-page publication that gives the history of the wars and other Florida topics.

      The publication also includes information and locations on battlefields, cemeteries, museum exhibits, monuments, historical markers, and other sites with direct links to the Seminole Wars.

      The publication is available at the website listed above.

      Miccosukee Resort and Gaming
      500 SW 177thਊvenue, Miami, FL 33194. 
      Tel: 305-222-4600

      https://www.miccosukee.com/

      The Miccosukee Tribe was part of the Seminole nation until the mid-twentieth century when they organized as an independent tribe. 

      This resort on the western edge of the metro Miami Area is a complete destination featuring gaming, modern hotel accommodations, numerous restaurants,  and entertainment venues.

      The resort is also the location for tours to Miccosukee golf courses, an Indian Village, and airboat rides. 

      The main Miccosukee reservation is several miles west of the resort on Tamiami Trail (US-41).

      Model of Expanded Seminole Hard Rock Hotel and Casino

      Seminole Hard Rock Hotel and Casino
      1 Seminole Way, Hollywood, Florida 33314. 
      Tel: 866-502-7529

      https://www.seminolehardrockhollywood.com/

      This resort is on reservation property in urban South Florida and close to beaches and other amenities. 

      It features a very large hotel, and gaming opportunities including more than 2,000 slot machines.  Entertainment is constantly on display in their 3,500 seat Hard Rock Event Center. 

      The property was in an expansion mode in 2018 with the addition of a guitar-shaped hotel.

      There are several restaurants on the property including the Hard Rock Café. 

      Outdoor activity includes a large beach club with a pool and bar.

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      Seminole

      Throughout history indigenous people and natives have been oppressed, murdered, pushed off their territory, and mistreated. Aboriginals have not had the military strength or technology to stand up to colonizers. What makes the Seminole tribe in Florida so different? How did the Seminole tribe have had so much success throughout history economically, socially, and in dealing with colonization. The Seminole tribe are a very successful recognized tribe in the US: a country with one of the most horrific histories dealing with natives and aboriginals. The Seminole tribe does not seem to have many of the issues that other tribes have including health risks, unemployment, and territorial concerns. The Seminole tribe has been so successful throughout history socially and economically because of its refusal to conform to colonizers and creativity in finding ways to improve economically.

      To fully understand how the Seminole tribe is so successful now you have to look at their history. The Seminole tribe’s history with colonizers is a lot different than most of the other tribes of the United States. The beginning stages of European colonization were not the most successful for the Seminole tribe. Spanish colonizers first reached Florida in the year 1513 and brought many diseases to the Natives like measles, smallpox, and the common cold. This, with the help of territorial conflicts between the settlers of multiple European countries, lead to the death of thousands of Native Floridians. [i] The Natives often had to be displaced because of the conflicts in their territories. The Native Floridians never gave up without a fights, this is why Spaniards gave them the nickname “cimarrones” which meant “free people.” [ii] They were given this nickname because they would never allow themselves to be controlled by colonizers. This goes to show that even though thousands of natives were dying, they never allowed themselves to be dominated. “Cimarrones” was taken into the Maskoki language, and by the nineteenth century Native Floridians were known as “Seminoles.” [iii] Natives from many tribes in Florida fled to the forests and prairies in order to not become extinct. The Seminoles had to do anything they could to not be controlled by the white man.

      The Seminole tribe took a brutal hit when the US attempted to take control of florida during the early 1800s. The Seminoles rose up against US settlers and fought back. This lead to repression for the Seminoles by General Andrew Jackson. Thousands of of Native families were forced to migrate southward and joined those natives that fled from Spanish settlement in the forests of Southern Florida. That would not be the end of the Seminoles’ issues with the US government as Andrew Jackson set out to fix the “Indian Problem.” [iv] The US government was determined to take control of all of Florida. Andrew Jackson ordered the burning of Indian towns, and public executions of many Seminole leaders during the years 1814-1818. [v] This was known as the first Seminole war. The second Seminole war came in 1835. The US lost forty million dollars unsuccessfully attempting to remove the Seminole tribe from Florida. The US used both the Navy and Marines to try to remove the Seminoles, but the tribe was unrelenting in their commitment to not be defeated by the US government. Andrew Jackson’s final attempt to destroy the Seminoles was in 1856 where he put together a group of US military officers to exterminate the seminoles. The US military would once again fail miserably because the Seminoles knew how to survive in the conditions of the Florida forests, and used guerilla warfare tactics to defeat the US military again. [vi]

      By the twentieth century, the Seminoles were left alone by the US government, but were still affected by its actions. American industrialism started having a negative effect on the territories where the Seminoles lived. Pollution threatened the extinction of the Seminole tribe. The US government began to notice, and wanted to help in a positive way. The US set aside over 80,000 acres of land for the Seminoles to live on. Very few Seminoles actually took that offer because they could not forget what the US government did to their ancestors. Their rejection of the offer was predictable. This lead to Congress passing the Indian Reorganization Act in 1934 allowing Native tribes to govern their own political affairs. The Seminole tribe did not sign the act until twenty three years later because of their understandable inability to trust the US government. [vii]

      The Seminole tribe truly has grown since the days that they were fighting settlers and hiding in forests. The economic success of the tribe would have never been possible if they were so successful in defending themselves against American and Spanish colonization and settlers. The Seminoles were able to avoid extinction and remain united and are now one of the most economically successful tribes in the world. One of the most important factors on why the Seminole tribe is so successful because of their ability to be modernize with the rest of society. Instead of seeing the American dream as the enemy, the Seminole tribe set out to prove that even they can achieve it. The economic success for the Seminole tribe started with the opening of a smoke shop in 1977. Next the tribe opened up their first high-stake bingo hall. [viii] This lead to many legal challenges facing the crime that the tribe ultimately won. [ix] The tribes legal victories were the backbone for many other tribes across the US to opening up their own casinos. Now, because of the bravery of the Seminole tribe casinos are the largest source of income for Native Americans in the US. The Seminole tribe continued their growth with more expansion. The tribe has acquired two more reservations, opened a hotel, an Ahfachkee Indian school, and opened a Tribal museum. [x] The tribe continued to open more tourist attraction and smoke shops and continued to prosper economically.

      The Seminole tribe has a record of handling certain situations and issues differently than other tribes across the US that also lead to their economic success. One of the most significant issues that the Seminole tribe took an interesting side on is the issue of using Native Americans as mascots. This issue ties in with being Native Americans as costumes as well. The majority of Native Americans believe that using the idea of a Native American as a mascot or a costume is wrong and disrespectful. The Seminole tribe actually opposes this view. Instead of viewing Florida State University’s use of a Seminole as their mascot as offensive or racist, the Seminole tribe supports it and helps Florida State University dress up their mascot to look more realistic and similar to how an actual seminole dresses. The N.C.A.A. actually banned the use of all Universities to use Native Americans as mascots in 2005. Florida State University’s President T.K. Wetherell explained his frustration with the ban. "That the N.C.A.A. would now label our close bond with the Seminole people as culturally 'hostile and abusive' is both outrageous and insulting," he explained. [xi] Because of the support of Seminole tribe Florida State University was able to make the university exempt from the ban. This shows the Seminole tribe’s ability to see a situation as a positive and as an opportunity when other Native Americans would protest and find it offensive. The Seminole tribe makes a lot of income from this because not only does the Tribe get paid for the endorsement from Florida State, but it also adds popularity to the Seminole tribe’s Okalee Indian Village which is where the Hard Rock Cafe is located.

      Throughout history the Seminole tribe dealt with different situations in ways that most tribes would oppose or would not see as options. Whether it was standing up to colonizers or finding ways to be economically successful the Seminole tribe always thought outside the box and found ways to succeed in those times where other tribes failed. The tribe never gave into the threats of European colonizers and used guerilla warfare tactics to defeat the colonizers when they attacked. The Seminole tribe also used this creative thinking in their economic matters as well and made America’s first Indian Casino. These are the reasons why the Seminole tribe has been so successful growing as a community in the twentieth century. Even in social issues like Native American mascots the Seminole tribe is on the opposite spectrum from most tribes. The tribe does not view that as people mocking Native Americans. Instead, the Seminoles are excited by the idea of someone seeing their community as fierce, brave, and determined for victory. Those characteristics are exactly what the Seminole tribe has been throughout history. Because of the Seminole tribe’s ability to deal with both social and economic issues differently than most tribes is the reason why the tribe is arguably the most successful Native American tribe in the United States.



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