As nephews to Rugila, Attila and his elder brother Bleda succeeded him to the throne. Bleda's reign lasted for eleven years until his death. While it has been speculated by Jordanes that Attila murdered him on a hunting trip,  it is unknown exactly how he died. One of the few things known about Bleda is that, after the great Hun campaign of 441, he acquired a Moorish dwarf named Zerco. Bleda was highly amused by Zerco and went so far as to make a suit of armor for the dwarf so that Zerco could accompany him on campaign.
The narrative of the miniseries primarily follows Attila the Hun (reigned 434–453) during his rise to power, violent unification of the Hunnic tribes, and subsequent campaigns, first against the Eastern Roman Empire, and later against the Visigoths and the Western Roman Empire.
A parallel narrative follows Roman general Flavius Aetius, Attila's primary antagonist, who works vigorously to keep the Western Empire intact despite factional politics, a weak emperor, and a steady stream of barbarian invasions.
Attila the Hun
Known by the Romans as “the Scourge of God,” Attila the Hun was most likely born in 406 A.D. to the Hunnish chief Mundzuk. Initially he ruled the Huns along with his brother Bleda until his brother’s death. Attila went on to conquer many lands and preside over an empire that stretched from the Ural River all the way to Germany. He was regarded as the fiercest enemy of both the Eastern and Western Roman Empires. History remembers him primarily for his barbarism and cruelty toward his conquests, but as the Huns left no written records, very little is known about them from their own point of view.
Historians believe that the Huns appeared in Europe around 370 A.D. Essentially nomadic and pastoral, the Huns were noted for their great horsemanship which may be one reason they have been associated with Mongols. But there is a growing body of evidence that suggests that the Huns may have spoken a Turkic language. Their origins have been a subject of debate for centuries. At the time of Attila’s birth the Huns were mainly based in the area of Hungary. To this day Attila is revered in both Hungary and Turkey. Attila and his brother Bleda were named as the successors to their uncle Rugila, leader of the Huns, in 434. Bleda died twelve years later. Legend holds that Attila was responsible for his death, but there are no sources that can confirm this.
Attila and his Huns invaded the Eastern Roman Empire in 441. Their success prompted them to move ever westward conquering lands as they moved. Of all the barbarian tribes, the Huns have been recorded by their victims as the most bloodthirsty and merciless. Attila swept through much of Europe and seemed unstoppable. However, he was notoriously forced to retreat in 451 at the Battle of Chalons in Gaul. In 452 he was persuaded by Pope Leo I not to sack Rome. Most historians believe that Attila would have tried to regroup and return to Gaul if he had survived, but he died in 453.
Attila’s death has also been the subject of great debate. The most commonly held belief is that he died at the hand of his wife on the night of their wedding. Other stories suggest that he over drank, incurred a massive nosebleed while passed out, and choked on his own blood. However, there is little to corroborate these stories. Legend also says that Attila was buried in the temporarily damned Tisza River in northern Hungary and that the slaves who worked on his burial were later killed to insure that the Hunnish King’s burial would remain secret. Despite a lack of definitive information about Attila the Hun, he remains one of history’s most notorious leaders who is, nevertheless, revered for his strength, ability to lead, and immense success.
Truth: The Chinese were Slaves in the US for Centuries
their parents in China to slave owners the Chinese slaves, aka Collies, Railway Builders or Chinese Labours had no freedom nor human rights.
The Chinese from Southern China had been actual slaves in the US and the West for centuries, they were sold and resold at the slave markets but their prices were much lower than contemporary black salves even after the Africans were freed, the Chinese continued to be slaved in the US and the West until Chinese Exclusion Act was passed in 1882.
Th e Chinese and the US decline to reveal the TRUTH to the world, but they both know the Chinese slavery history, and I got the meme online.
Until history was readdressed by both the Chinese and the US, there will be no peace for anyone and the Chinese will continue to be treated as slaves in the US and the West.
Attila The Hun
Attila the Hun is known as one of the most ferocious leaders of ancient times. He was given the nickname “Scourge God” because of his ferocity. During the twentieth century, “Hun” was one of the worst name you could call a person, due to Attila. The Huns were a barbaric and savage group of people, and Attila, their leader, was no exception. He was the stereotypical sacker of cities and killer of babies. The Huns lasted long after their disappearance in mythology and folklore, as the bad guy. Generally, they were not fun people to be around.
Priscus saw Attila the Hun at a banquet in 448. Priscus described him as being a short, squat man with a large head and deep-set eyes. He also had a flat nose and a thin beard. Historians say that his general personality was irritable, blustering, and truculent. He was said to be a persistent negotiator, and not at al pitiless. While Priscus was at the banquet in 448, he observed a few other details about Attila. All of Attila’s chief lieutenants were served dainties on silver platters, but he was served only meat on wooden plates.
No other real qualities of Attila as a general really survived through time, but he is thought to have been an outstanding commander from his accomplishments as a barbarian. Huns themselves were mysterious and feared people. They first appeared in the Fourth Century around the Roman Empire. They rode their warhorses around and cause the Germanic barbarians and Romans alike to fear them. Yet, it was said that they were very uncivilized. It was said that they made no use of fire, and just ate the roots of plants they found in fields. They were also said to have eaten the almost raw meat of animals.
The only reason the meat was “almost raw” was because they were said to have “cooked” it by placing it between their thighs and the backs of their horses to give it warmth. The Huns sometimes engaged in regular battle. They would attack in an order of columns, and scream very disorderly and savage cries. Most of the time, though, the Huns just fought in a very random way. They would scream and run about and then all come together in a large group. They would then, as a group, approach the camp or town of the people they were attacking, and destroy it.
Most of the time, the people the Huns attacked never even saw them coming. There were many ways in which the Huns chose to fight. They often started from a distance, and missiled sharpened bones and other objects attached to a long stick into the territory of their victims. When they were forced to fight in close combat, they often fought without regard to their own safety. They often fought with swords, and they threw a net over their enemy as to entangle his limbs so that he could no longer walk or ride or horse. This is how they earned the title of Barbarians. The Romans initial impression of the Huns was fear.
But after awhile, the Huns settled on the coast of Danube, the great Hungarian Plain, and became allies of the Romans, instead of attacking them as enemies. In return, the Roman Empire paid them a sum of money to not attack them Roman Empire. The Huns agreed with this, and remained mostly neutral toward the Romans for about fifty years. Things between the Romans and the Huns began to fall apart when Attila was named King of the Huns in 434. Attila and his brother, Bleda, inherited a large empire. They had been made joint kings of a vast area from the Alps to the Caspian seas, in the east, to the Baltic Sea in the West.
Because of the Roman treaty with the Huns at Margus, The Romans had to pay the Huns seven hundred pounds of gold annually to leave them alone. Attila’s actions between 435 and 439 are basically unknown, and were not major or overly important. It is said that he may have subdued barbarians to the north of east of his dominions, but no one can be sure. In 441, Rome had become delinquent on their payments to the Huns, so Attila and Bleda decided to attack the Roman Empire. While the Roman officials were occupied in the Western Front, Attila attacked the Eastern Front on the Danubian Frontier.
The Huns managed to attack and raze many of the cities they came upon, and attract the attention of the Roman Empire. The Romans called a truce in 442, but this only satisfied Attila for a short amount of time. In 443, the Huns attack the towns in Danube again, destroying Naissus and Serdica. He proceeded to toward Constantinople and took Philipopolis. He defeated the main Eastern Roman forces in a succession of battles. Finally, the Romans arranged a peace treaty that gave the Huns 2,100 pounds of gold each year. This made Attila happy, and the Huns went back to protecting the Romans as their allies.
In 445, Attila decided that he no longer wanted his older brother, Bleda, to rule with him. So he killed him. He planned in 447 to attack Rome again, on an even larger scale than his previous attack. But this idea turned out to be much less than he thought. He sent his army to attack the Utus River, and defeated them. But he himself suffered loss and devastation. After that, he moved on to the Balkan provinces, and devastated them. Then he traveled down to Greece, but was stopped at Thermpylae. Attila spent the next three years working out complicated agreements and negotiations with the Romans.
He spent most of his time with the diplomats of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. The result of the agreement was that Attila gained the territory of land to the south of Danube. The Romans also had to pay the Huns even more money to not attack, though the actual sum of money is not known. In 450, Attila claimed Honoria, the sister of Valentinian III, as his wife. The problem with this was that Valentinian III was the emperor of the Western Empire. Because of this marriage, Attila decided that he deserved half of the Western Empire. In order to get his way, he invaded Gaul in 451.
Aetius got the Visigothic King, Theodoric I, to resist the Huns with him, when they invaded Gaul. It is told the Attila almost succeeded in occupying Aurelianum before the Allies came. Aetius and Theodoric forced him to withdraw from the city, which he had already gained foot in. Some historians called this particular battle the Battle Catalaunian Plains, or The Battle of Maurica. The Visigothic king was killed in the fight, but it things turned out good for the Allies, because Attila was forced to withdraw: his first, and only, defeat. In 452, the Huns invaded Italy.
They sacked many cities, including Aquilieia, Patavium, Verona, Brixia, Bergomum, and Mediolamun. There wasn’t much Aetius could do about this. Luckily, famine and pestilence caused the Huns to leave before crossing the Apennines. In 453, Attila planned to attack the Eastern Empire because the Emperor wasn’t paying the money set in previous treaties (author’s note: Don’t these emperors ever learn anything? ). Nothing ever actually came of these plans because, quite suspiciously, Attila died in his bed the night after his marriage. When Attila was buried, the Huns went through a lot of trouble.
They had to kill anyone who was involved with the burial, so that no one would know of the exact place that Attila was buried. Attila was succeeded by his sons, between which the empire was divided. Attila didn’t have a huge impact on history, because the Romans very well could have done without him. He mainly caused trouble for the Romans, and killed a lot of innocent people just to get his way. Attila the Hun was one of the most important kings of the Huns, though, and he definitely has his place in history, as a barbaric, baby-killing, rude leader of a very ruthless group of warriors.
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What if Attila had not attacked west?
Well according to this map they could very well head straight to the east and camp out nearby the Aral and Balkhash seas. Attacking the Sassanids would be to their south.
Peter Heather speculates that the rise of the Huns actually slowed Germanic attacks on the western empire as the Germanic energy became expended in resisting or helping the Huns subjugate the rest of the tribes. After the Hunnic empire broke apart, the Germanics were once again free to attack the empire. It's possible the two Gothic groups that invaded the empire in 372 and became the visigoths were fleeing Hunnic domination. That's a big thing. Aside from this, had the Huns attacked and beaten the Sassanids it would have been a HUGE positive for the empire. So many imperial resources had to be committed to hold the line against the Sassanids that Rome had little margin for error on other fronts. Who knows if they could have beaten the Sassanids. It's not like Turkish type nomads haven't whipped Persia through the centuries.
I think this would probably extend the life of the empire. The very presence of empire generates resistance to it that can overcome it but bottom line: As long as the empire can keep the trust of the landowners by protecting their property without beggaring them with taxes, it will survive.
If you mean the Huns as a whole turning eastwards, that would probably be a major plus for the Empire, since hurting the Sassanids would be very good for the empire, while in the West, if nothing else that is one less tribe to face. As for Atilla personally, he attacked the Eastern Roman Empire First, ravaged a portion of the Balkans, and then his forces caught a plague and turned back, much like they later did in the west.
Atilla himself I feel has always been given an undeserved level of significance. He was a scarey guy, but in his only real battle with a Roman army he lost to Flavius Aetius, and was forced to turn around. What he did personally was only a drop in the bucket of the Roman Empire's problems. Compared to the Goths, Franks, Vandals, and really even the Saxons, Atilla's Huns achieved little, as is evidensed by the fact that there were no Hunnic successor states carved out of the WRE. A much better PoD from the Roman Empire's perspective would be to replace one of the WRE's numerous horrifyingly incompetent emperors in the 350-450 time frame with a brilliant statesman who is also a capable military leader, on the order of Constantine I at least.
It could be argued that Attila brough the Hunnish Empire down, by expanding it way beyond its means.
Had it remained limited to the area from Hungary to the Caspian Sea (better cavalry country than further west) it could probably have gone on a lot longer, especially as the Visigoths would have had far less need to sink their differences with Rome.
Pol Pot was the Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1976 to 1979. His idea was to introduce a new age of civilization in Cambodia by destroying the existing one. Therefore, Cambodia was turned into a killing field. Pol Pot is remembered as the only person in history who officially declared genocide against his own country and killed the largest number of people before he even came to power. Thousands of people were killed due to malnutrition, torture execution, and starvation. His government, which was communist in nature, forced mass evacuations. As a result, a lot of families were displaced and separated. Pregnant women and elderly people were forced to stand in water up to their necks during the rainy and cold seasons. They worked in canals until their feet swelled and started bleeding. If in case a worker made a mistake, they were either shot or flogged to death. Pol Plot wanted the young individuals to be trained for the love of killing. He could not stand the Vietnamese people. If Cambodian people married the Vietnamese, both husband and wife would be killed. Even people who spoke or looked like Vietnamese were killed. Prisoners were forced to drink urine. While people were being executed, he would take pictures and record the execution in detail. He would often order his people to kill others by bleeding to death and would keep the skulls of dead people. According to Pol Pot, human lives had no value and carried no significance.
Attila the Hun Bust - History
Attila was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths and Alans among others, on the territory of Central and Eastern Europe. Take a look below for 30 more awesome and interesting facts about Attila the Hun.
1. During his reign, he was one of the most feared enemies of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires.
2. He crossed the Danube twice and plundered the Balkans, but was unable to take Constantinople.
3. His unsuccessful campaign in Persia was followed in 441 by an invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire, the success of which emboldened Attila to invade the West.
4. He attempted to conquer Roman Gaul, modern France, crossing the Rhine in 451 and marching as far as Aurelianum before being defeated at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains.
5. Attila invaded Italy, devastating the northern provinces, but was unable to take Rome.
6. He planned for further campaigns against the Romans, but died in 453.
7. After Attila’s death, hos close adviser, Ardaric of the Gepids, led a Germanic revolt against Hunnic rule, after which the Hunnic Empire quickly collapsed.
8. He was the only king from 434 AD to 453 AD but went on to become one of the most feared rulers, especially among eastern and western European empires.
9. Unlike what most people believe, Attila didn’t have an impoverished childhood and was born in a financially comfortable household. In fact, Attila and his older brother Bleda received princely training and were taught Latin and groomed in archery and riding.
10. While there are very few accounts of what Attila looked like, King Priscus’s records show that Attila was a short man, with a wide chest and a large head. He had small eyes, a think black and grey beard and his skin was tanned.
11. Attila’s father, Mundzuc was a clan chieftain and was a brother to Hunnish kings Octar and Ruga.
12. Attila killed his own older brother, Bleda, to acquire the kingdom left to the both of them. According to King Priscus’s accounts, Bled was assassinated by Attila, after a long conspiracy in 445 AD.
13. In 447 AD, Attila attacked the Eastern Romans at the Battle of the Utus, after which he carried his famous Balkan invasion, which allowed him to create a solid Eastern European stronghold.
14. He was famously hungry for gold possessions. It’s even said that the revenues collected by the Huns were mostly in gold.
15. Despite being a despotic ruler, who is famous for his collection of gold, Attila had a shabby lifestyle. It was said that while he provided his guests with immense hospitality, he himself lived a simple life and ate on wooden plates.
16. In 451 AD, Honoria, sister to the Roman Emperor Valentinian III, sent Attila the Hun a ring. It served as her marriage proposal. Attila responded by marrying her.
17. Hunters and gatherers, the Huns traveled with flocks of sheep, which provided food and leather. They spent their lives atop their horses, likely Mongolian ponies, and were said to dismount only when necessary. Attila was trained in horsemanship and shooting from an early age.
18. Attila’s most famous wife, however, was Ildico. After his successful invasion of Italy, Attila married Ildico.
19. He had six sons Csaba, Ellac, Ernak, Dengizich, Erp and Eitil. After his death, the Hunnic empire was inherited by Ellac, Ernak and Dengizich, as they were seen most worthy.
20. Attila was buried like a king, and he was given a casket with an iron exterior, which was masked with gold. He was buried with extensive riches, jewellery, gold and pottery.
21. The Romans viewed the Huns as barbarians, and Attila’s name was synonymous with destruction, chaos and slaughter. He became known as “The Scourge of God.”
22. Attila was so feared that rulers would give over large payments just to be left alone.
23. Attila and the famous Roman general Flavius Aetius may have had an unlikely friendship. Aetius, who at some point may have been a hostage in one of Attila’s camps, studied the Hunnic customs and language and likely spent a good deal of time with his counterpart.
24. The Sword of the War God, also known as Sword of Attila and Sword of Mars, was the primary military weapon of Attila, which according to legend was granted to him by Mars, the god of war.
25. Attila himself is said to have claimed the titles “Descendant of the Great Nimrod,” and “King of the Huns, the Goths, the Danes and the Medes.”
26. Jordanes embellished the report of Priscus, reporting that Attila had possessed the “Holy War Sword of the Scythians,” which was given to him by Mars and made him a “prince of the entire world.”
27. By the end of the 12th century, the royal court of Hungary proclaimed their descent from Attila.
28. In 1812, Ludwig van Beethoven thought of writing an opera about Attila and approached August von Kotzebue to write the libretto. However, it was never written.
29. In World War I, Allied propaganda referred to Germans as the “Huns”, based on a 1900 speech by Emperor Wilhelm II praising Attila the Hun’s military prowess.
30. In modern Hungary and in Turkey, Attila and its Turkish variation, Atilla, are commonly used as a male first name.
Why did the Allies call Germans ‘Huns’ during World War I?
Does the term have anything to do with the most famous hun, the defintely-not-German warlord Attila?
This competition is now closed
Published: August 13, 2018 at 11:10 am
The original Huns were a nomadic tribe, probably originating from Mongolia, who, under the leadership of Attila, terrorised the Roman Empire in the mid-5th century, extorting large sums of money with menaces.
Considered by Rome to be the ultimate of all savage ‘Barbarians’, Attila the Hun was referred to as the ‘Scourge of God’. Throughout the Middle Ages, Attila was regularly depicted in art as the antichrist and his army as a horde of demons.
In the mid-19th century, the Hun was resurrected as an Asiatic foe at the same time the British Empire came to view China as a direct threat. And then, in the early months of World War I, the allies applied the term ‘Hun’ to the forces of Germany and Austro-Hungary in order to conjure up images of a bestial foe.
This can be seen, most notably, in a series of striking ‘Beat Back the Hun’ / ‘Halt the Hun’ posters, designed to persuade the American people to buy war bonds, in which the enemy is shown as a blood-crazed barbarian.