Carthaginian Warfare Timeline

Carthaginian Warfare Timeline


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  • 580 BCE - 376 BCE

    Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.

  • 539 BCE

    Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.

  • 535 BCE

    Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy, in alliance with Etruscans, defeated Greek ships off the island of Corsica.

  • 500 BCE

    Carthage expands into southern Spain.

  • 480 BCE

    Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.

  • 406 BCE

    Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.

  • c. 341 BCE

    Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.

  • 338 BCE

    Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.

  • 311 BCE

  • 310 BCE

    Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army of 14,000 in North Africa.

  • 309 BCE

    Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.

  • 307 BCE

    Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.

  • 306 BCE

    Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.

  • 264 BCE - 241 BCE

  • 260 BCE

    First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.

  • 255 BCE

    A Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis during the First Punic War.

  • Jun 250 BCE

    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.

  • 247 BCE

    Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.

  • 237 BCE

    Hamilcar Barca arrives in southern Spain to expand Carthage's interests there. He makes his base at Gades and founds Acra Leuce.

  • 229 BCE

    Hasdrubal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.

  • 221 BCE

    Hannibal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.

  • 219 BCE

    Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.

  • 218 BCE - 202 BCE

  • Apr 218 BCE - May 218 BCE

    Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.

  • Nov 218 BCE

    Hannibal wins the battle of Ticinus.

  • Dec 218 BCE

    Hannibal wins the battle of Trebia.

  • Jun 217 BCE

    Hannibal wins the battle of Lake Trasimene.

  • 216 BCE

    "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.

  • Aug 216 BCE

    Hannibal wins the battle of Cannae, the worst defeat in Roman history.

  • 215 BCE

    A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated at the battle of Ibera in Spain.

  • 212 BCE

    A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.

  • 209 BCE

    Scipio Africanus captures the Carthaginian base and treasury Carthago Nova in southern Spain.

  • 207 BCE

    Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.

  • c. 22 Jun 207 BCE

    Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.

  • 206 BCE - 205 BCE

    The Romans conquer Gades. End of the Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.

  • 206 BCE

    Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain.

  • 204 BCE - 203 BCE

    Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.

  • 203 BCE

    Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.

  • 203 BCE

    Scipio Africanus attacks the two camps of Syphax and Gisgo in North Africa and destroys their armies.

  • 203 BCE

    Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.

  • 203 BCE

    Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.

  • 19 Oct 202 BCE

  • 150 BCE

    A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.

  • 149 BCE - 146 BCE

  • 149 BCE

    Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.

  • 147 BCE

    Scipio Africanus the Younger takes over command of the siege of Carthage and builds a mole to block its harbour.

  • 146 BCE

    Scipio Africanus the Younger sacks Carthage and enslaves its population.



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