USS Nebraska - History

USS Nebraska - History


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Nebraska
(BB-14: dp. 16 094; 1. 441'3"; b. 76'2", dr. 25'10"; s. 19 k.; cpl. 1,108; a. i 12", 8 8", 12 6", 11 3", 4 21" tt.;cl. Virginia)

Nebraska (BB-14),ex-Pennsylvania, was laid down by
Moran Brothers, Seattle, Washington, 4 July 1902; launched 7 October 1904; sponsored by Miss Mary N. Miekey, daughter of Governor John H. Miekey of Nebraska, and commissioned 1 July 1907, Captain Reginald F. Nicholson in command.

After shakedown and alterations, the new battleship joined the "Great White Fleet" at San Francisco after 6 May 1908, replacing Alabama (BB-8).

Departing San Francisco 7 July 1908, the Fleet visited Honolulu, Hawaii, Auckland, New Zealand, Sydney and Melbourne, Australia; Manila, Philippine Islands, Yokohama, Japan; and Colombo, Ceylon, arriving Suez, Egypt, 3 January 1909. Departing Messina, Italy, on the 9th, the Fleet visited Naples, Italy, then Gibraltar, arriving Hampton Roads 22 February where President Theodore Roosevelt reviewed the Heet as it passed into the roadstead.

Nebraska continued duty with the Atlantic Fleet. She attended the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in 1910 and the Louisiana Centennial during 1912. She earned the Mexican Service Medal for operations at Vera Cruz, Mexico, from 1 May to 21 June 1914 and 1 June to 13 October 1916. After a period of reduced commissioned service, she was again placed in full commission 3 April 1917.

When war was declared 6 April 1917, Nebraska WAS undergoing repairs at the Boston Navy Yard, attached to the 3d Division, Battleship Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. On 13 April 1917 she departed Boston to engage in maneuvers and battle praetiee with the fleet in the Chesapeake Bay area. She operated along the east coast, primarily training armed guard crews for American merchantmen, until entering the Norfolk Navy Yard 15 April 1918 for repairs

At Hampton Roads 16 May she received on board the body of the la1;e Carlos M. DePena, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from Uruguay, with full honors, departing Hampton Roads the same day and arriving Montevideo 10 June in company with Pittsburgh (ACR-4), flagship of the Pacific Fleet. The Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet, eame on board for the ceremonies and the body of the late Uruguyan Minister to the United States was transferred with full honors. Nebraska departed Montevideo 15 June for home, arriving Hampton Roads 26 July.

The battleship departed New York 17 September as prineipal escort for a fast merchant convoy of 18 ships to an eastern Atlantic rendezvous, returning to Hampton Roads 3 October. Nebraska made two more convoy voyages in the Atlantic, returning from the latter 2 December to prepare for service in returning American troops from France.

Nebraska made four voyages from the United States to Brest, France, transporting 4,540 troops to and from the United States. On the first trip, she departed Hampton Roads 30 December 1918, arrived Brest 11 January 1919, and returned Newport News 28 January. The final voyage to return veterans from France ended when she arrived Newport News Virginia, 21 June with 1,279 troops.

On 22 June 1919 Nebraska was detached from the transport service and shortly thereafter sailed to join Division 2, Squadron 1, U.S. Paeifie Fleet, for operations along the west coast under command of Captain P. N. Olmstead until she decommissioned 2 July 1920.

In accordanee with the Washington Treaty limiting naval armament, Nebraska was rendered incapable of further warlike service 9 November 1923 and sold for scrap a few weeks later.


I Christen Thee, Nebraska : History of the USS Nebraska and Nebraska Related Naval Ships

Even as early as the Civil War, three ships carried the name Nebraska. Over forty years later in 1907, the USS Nebraska (BB-14) was one of sixteen battleships that steamed around the world with President Theodore Roosevelt's Great White Fleet (1907-1909). McCord re-creates daily life on these ships with accounts of operations, the sailors' hardships, recreation, and humor in the early steel Navy.

During the 1970s, construction began on a new class of ballistic missile submarines that would include the USS Nebraska (SSBN-739). The Nebraska (BB-14) was the fourteenth battleship built, and, coincidentally, the submarine Nebraska was the fourteenth of its class. This massive submarine was commissioned in 1993 and continues to serve a deterrent mission. McCord also delves into the colorful histories of other Navy ships named after Nebraska people and places, offering a distinct look at a relatively unknown piece of American history.

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LibraryThing Review

The author does a very credible job telling the story of the obscure early US battleship Nebraska (latter BB-14). He also covers the current Trident SSBN Nebraska and summaries of every other naval vessel with a name tied to Nebraska. Nicely done. Читать весь отзыв


The Civil War and Nebraska, 1861

This year marks the sesquicentennial (150th anniversary) of the beginning of the American Civil War on April 12, 1861, the date when Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumter in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina. Nebraska was then a U.S. territory, whose creation in 1854 by the so-called Kansas-Nebraska Act had been a major factor leading up to war. The act gave Southerners the right to take their slaves into new territories located west of the Missouri River, a part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase where slavery had previously been prohibited. Northern outrage over the prospect that slavery might spread into the West sparked the rise of the new Republican Party, which was determined to resist slavery's extension. The 1860 election of Republican nominee Abraham Lincoln to the presidency prompted South Carolina, and soon ten other slave-holding states of the Deep South, to leave the Union and form the Confederate States of America.

Despite Nebraska Territory's distance from the great Civil War drama playing out between 1861 and 1865 on battlefields in the East and South and in the rival capitals, Nebraskans were not mere bystanders. A large percentage of the territory's men served in the Union army. Nebraska civilians were touched by the war as well, including politicians who met in party conventions or held public office editors who debated wartime issues in their newspapers and merchants and farmers who ran the stores and raised the crops. As in all wars, those at home waited, often in vain, for the safe return of loved ones from the battlefronts. Telegraph lines that had reached Nebraska in 1860 meant that local editors received war news that was only a few days old. Less than a week after the Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, Robert W. Furnas of the Brownville, Nebraska Advertiser, editorialized on the war's outbreak in the April 18 issue. Furnas, a Republican who had supported Abraham Lincoln for president, was outraged by the attack and gave a ringing call for patriots to support the U.S. government and the Union:

"Civil War is upon us and it is now the business of the government to pursue such a course as will most speedily and effectually silence the traitors and re-establish the supremacy of law and order. The immortal sentiment of Stephen Decatur is the motto of the people-May my country ever be right but right or wrong, my country always. . . . The damning blot must be wiped out-treason must be crushed with the strong arm of government, and the majesty of the law vindicated at the point of the bayonet if need be. The time for appeal, argument, and conciliation has gone. Let the tocsin now sound from every hill and valley let patriots rally to the call of their country, and 'woe be to him who shall attempt to withstand the tempest of a nation's wrath.'"


USS Nebraska - History

1902: The keel of Nebraska Battleship #14 at Moran Brothers Shipbuilding, Seattle, Washington.

October 7, 1904: Launching of the Nebraska Battleship #14 at Moran Brothers Shipbuilding.

1906: Nebraska Battleship #14 seen sometime during fitting out.

July 16, 1906: Nebraska Battleship #14 on sea trials.

1908: USS Nebraska Battleship #14 alongside the USS Wisconsin Battleship #9 at the Puget Sound Naval
Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington.


USS Nebraska - History

People have inhabited the land of Nebraska for thousands of years. When the Europeans first arrived there were several tribes of Native Americans that lived throughout the state. In the west were the nomadic tribes of the Cheyenne and the Lakota Sioux peoples. They lived in tepees and moved constantly following the bison herds that were the source of their food, clothing, and shelter. In the east lived the tribes of the Omaha, Pawnee, and the Otoe. They lived in more permanent lodges made from earth and sod. They hunted buffalo, but farmed much of their food planting crops of corn, beans, and squash.


Pioneers Crossing the Plains of Nebraska
by C.C.A. Christensen

The first European to arrive in Nebraska was likely Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado in 1541. He claimed the land for Spain. It was over 100 years later, in 1682, that another explorer, Frenchman Robert Cavelier, claimed the land for France. Over the next century, the land would be claimed and fought over by the French, Spanish, and British.

In 1800, France controlled a large area of land west of the Mississippi River. In 1803, the United States purchased this area, including Nebraska, from the French as part of the Louisiana Purchase. American explorers Lewis and Clark traveled through Nebraska in 1804, mapping their trip and reporting back about the flat plains and large herds of bison they saw in Nebraska.

The United States established Fort Atkinson in Nebraska in 1819. It was the first army post built west of the Mississippi river. In 1823, a small fur trading post was built on the Missouri River. It became Bellevue, the oldest city in Nebraska and the first permanent settlement.

Starting in the 1840s people began to travel through Nebraska on their way west using the Oregon Trail. At that time, much of Nebraska was set aside for Native Americans as part of Indian Territory. However, some people ignored the law and settled the land.


Homesteaders by Unknown

In 1854, the Nebraska Territory was created by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. People really began to move to Nebraska in the 1860s when the Homestead Acts allowed people to get free land in the area. Also, new railroads crossing the territory made it much easier for people to travel there. On March 1, 1867 Nebraska was admitted to the Union as the 37th state. The capital city was moved to Lancaster, which was renamed to Lincoln in honor of Abraham Lincoln.

As more settlers moved in, the Native Americans were pushed out. Conflicts increased until the late 1800s when most of the Cheyenne and Sioux were forced to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Nebraska thrived as cattle ranchers moved in and farmers cultivated the land. However, natural disasters such as droughts, blizzards, and swarms of grasshoppers did not make life easy for the settlers.


Omaha, Nebraska by Iulus Ascanius


USS Nebraska - History

General Nebraska State History

The precise date of settlement of the area known as Nebraska is undetermined but archeological evidence indicates that the first pioneers were prehistoric Indians who hunted big game over 10,000 years ago. Those early hunters were followed by tribes of Indians who raised crops of corn, other vegetables, and sun-flowers. At the dawn of recorded Plains history, 1750-1800, the tribes living in the area included the farming tribes of eastern Nebraska- Otoe, Omaha, Ponca, and Pawnee. These groups lived in permanent earth-lodge villages where they cultivated crops. It was still necessary, however, for these tribes to engage in buffalo hunts for a large portion of their food supply. Western Nebraska was under the control of the horse-riding, buffalo-hunting, semi-nomadic groups of the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Potawatome. These groups lived in skin teepees which could be dismantled and carried with them as they pursued the buffalo. About 40,000 Indians lived in Nebraska when the first white man came.

Fur trading played an important role in Nebraska's preterritorial history. French traders and trappers, including the Mallett brothers who named the Platte River, were the first known white visitors. They traveled through Nebraska from 1700 to 1760, In 1804m the Lewis and Clark expedition mapped the eastern boundary of Nebraska. In 1806, Lt. Zebulon M. Pike visited the south central Nebraska as part of a government program to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase. Other early explorers included the Hunt party in 1811 and Major Long's expedition in 1819. Among the early trading groups was the St. Louis Missouri Fur Company. Manual Lisa established a post for this company in 1812 near the site where Lewis and Clark held council with Indian tribes in present Washington County. In 1820 a nearby camp became a permanent army post called Fort Atkinson. The post was established to discourage British encroachment and to protect America's western frontier. Bellevue, founded in 1823, was the first permanent settlement.

As the United States expanded to the west, the Platte Valley trails of Nebraska became the major highways. Gold seekers, Mormons and migrants on their way to California and Oregon were among the thousands of pioneers using the overland trails between 1840 and 1860. Fort Kearny was established along the route to protect these travelers. Nebraska City and other towns on the Missouri River became shipping centers and supplied both the military outposts and the new settlers. From April 3, 1860 to October 24, 1861, Pony Express riders carried their mail across the area.

In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by Congress, organizing the Nebraska Territory. This act opened lands west of the Missouri, previously reserved for the Indians, to settlement. The Homestead Act of 1862 allowed settlers to claim 160 acres of land free in eastern Nebraska and statehood was granted on March 1, 1867, in a proclamation signed by President Andrew Johnson.

The railroads contributed greatly to the early development of the site. The Union Pacific was completed across Nebraska in 1867, and the lines of the Burlington system crisscrossed most of the state by the mid- 1880s. Many early railroads received land grants from the state and federal governments to offset the cost of construction. These lands were sold to settlers through extensive advertising campaigns, with some companies sending representatives to Europe to encourage immigrants to come to Nebraska.

Nebraska showed continued growth until the farm depressions of the 1890s. By 1900 most of the prime land in the state was settled, and larger claims were needed for profitable farming and ranching. In 1904 an act introduced by Congressman Moses Kinkaid of Nebraska was passed. The Kincaid Act increased the size of the homesteads from 160 to 640 acres. A new population swell occurred in the Sandhills area of the state. The farm depressions of the 1920s and 1930s again arrested the economic growth of the state. Since World War II, however, Nebraska's development has been generally upward.


Plant and animal life

Nebraska was the first state in the country to celebrate Arbor Day—in 1872, when Nebraskan politician J. Sterling Morton advocated a tree-planting day to beautify the state’s largely treeless landscape. A wide variety of prairies originally covered Nebraska now the slopes of the river valleys are well covered with deciduous trees. Cottonwood, elm, and some oak and walnut are found along the bluffs of eastern Nebraska, while conifers grow in the Wild Cat and Pine Ridge highlands and the Niobrara valley. The Nebraska National Forest in west-central Nebraska resulted from a human effort to plant trees on the barren plains.

Bison had roamed widely over the Nebraska plains until their near extermination at the time of settlement in 1854. Some of these animals remain in their natural habitat on the Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge, near Valentine. Antelope and deer are also native to the state, as are prairie dogs, coyotes, jackrabbits, skunks, and squirrels. Migratory birds and pheasants are common.


Odell, Nebraska

Before the southwest corner of Gage County was home to Odell, it was part of the 10-by-25 mile Otoe Indian Reservation. But a bill by U.S. Senator Algernon Paddock, and the subsequent move of the Otoes to Oklahoma, opened the area up for development.

The railroad made the first purchase of land through the reservation in the late 1870’s, but no towns sprouted until William LaGorgue, who settled in southern Gage County, bought a large amount of the reservation. He founded the town of Charleston on the south side of Indian Creek, a village that sported a number of businesses, a school and about 20 farmers.

The Burlington Northern Railroad, however, chose to build its railroad track on the north side of the creek. The mile move was made by most Charleston residents to what would eventually become Odell, which was named by James D. Myers, the town’s first banker. Myers offered to deed the family of the first-born baby in town a lot if he could name the baby. The name given was Frank LaGrande Odell Triska, after one of the owners of the Lincoln Land Company, which owned the land in town. It was decided to call the town Odell as well.

Odell now has a population of approximately 300 people and supports many different businesses. For the history of the Odell bank visit the State Bank of Odell website. For more history of the area visit the Old West Trails Center.

waamiq0aagzc/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Looking-South-150x150.jpg" /> Main Street looking South

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The manuscript component of this collection contains correspondence, February-March 1930, relating to the production of an article about the U.S.S. Omaha for the Crete News. Also includes typescripts of portions of the article, a copy of the article, and miscellaneous materials.

The photograph component [RG5382.PH] of this collection contains one copy print of the U.S.S. Omaha, 1868.

Note: For more detailed information about the U.S.S. Omaha, see the U.S.S. Astoria website.

ADDED ENTRIES:

Astoria (Sloop)
Omaha (Sloop)
United States -- History -- Naval operations


USS Nebraska - History

NEGenWeb Project Resource Center
On-Line Library

Who's Who in Nebraska

Published by the Nebraska Press Association, Lincoln, NE

1940

Printed by State Journal Printing Co., Lincoln, NE

Thanks to Mr. Alan Beermann, Executive Director of the
Nebraska Press Association and American Press Advertising Service
for permission to reproduce this publication.

(Thanks to Robin for securing that permission)

FOREWORD

HO'S WHO IN NEBRASKA brings together in a single volume the life sketches of men and women who have achieved distinction in the fields of economic, civic and cultural endeavor. Although selection of names has not been an easy task and unavoidable errors have occurred in the exclusion and inclusion of various biographies, it is believed this volume contains a larger and a more nearly representative compilation of life sketches of living Nebraskans than any previous publication.

Some of those asked to provide data for this work failed to do so and in other cases unintentional omissions have occurred. Naturally it has been physically impossible to obtain complete information regarding everyone whose name should appear in these pages.

It has been the intent throughout to present the biographies tersely without editorial comment. Each sketch is autobiographical and every effort has been made to include all pertinent information submitted. In order to compress the information into a single volume, abbreviations have been extensively utilized. An explanation of these will be found elsewhere in this volume.

Chambers of Commerce, professional organizations, service groups, Nebraskans in every walk of life, newspapers and others have co-operated graciously in suggesting names for inclusion in this work. To them the Nebraska Press Association extends its appreciation.

The Nebraska Press Association.

F RED J. M INDER , Field Manager,
NEBRASKA PRESS ASSOCIATION

C.N. C ORNWALL , Supervisor of Compilation

J OHN F ARIS , Editor

PREFACE

Need has existed several years for a comprehensive biographical and historical directory of Nebraska. During the past decade there has been no standard reference work published which offered information regarding prominent citizens of the state. In answer to this demand, the Nebraska Press Association offers this compilation which contains approximately 11,000 biographies in addition to a brief, up-to-date history of each of the ninety-three counties as well as a historical sketch of the state.

Interest in this project has been most encouraging. The Press Association has received hundreds of letters regarding the undertaking and numerous persons offered historical material. Due to space limitations, it has not been possible to accept all these offers nevertheless this deep interest greatly facilitated work of compilation and proved an inspiration to those engaged in the editing of this volume.

In so vast an undertaking, it has not been possible to avoid errors. All information was checked carefully, however, and some alterations in biographies were made in the interests of consistence and clarity. In a number of the biographies, the maiden names of the mothers of various subjects of the sketches have been unavailable. In such cases, blanks have been inserted.

Names of most state and national organizations which appear in this work were checked and in general the designations of such groups as they appear in the biographies are the ones by which they are now known. Occasionally the old organization name is used, particularly in cases in which it appears the subject of the sketch held membership in years past. Various organizations change their names from time to time and it is not always easy to determine when such changes occurred. It has also been found that not all sources are in agreement upon the present names of certain organizations.

Locations of Nebraska colleges have been omitted from the biographical sketches. Names of state teachers institutions clearly indicate their locations and pages XXVII-XXXII provide a brief history of Nebraska colleges which will supply other information.

While extensive use has been made of the list of abbreviations, these have been disregarded occasionally to make various biographies intelligible. The abbreviation for the state of Nebraska has been consistently omitted when the activities listed have occurred within the state. In giving the activities of the persons whose sketches appear herein, use has been made of a date followed only by a dash (1935-), which means that the person is still engaged in the business or profession listed after the particular date. This is utilized in preference to the "1935 to date" in order to conserve space. It should also be noted that in numerous cases certain pertinent facts have been given regarding the activities of parents. This information appears last in the biographical sketches and the office and residence addresses given at the close of such sketches refer to the original subject of the sketches and not to the parents.

In order to condense the various biographies, use has been made of the list of abbreviations which appear on the following pages.

JOHN FARIS, Editor

Table of Contents (book doesn't have one!)

Abbreviations List (from the Colfax website, by Sherri Brakenhoff) (alternate)


Watch the video: History in Review: 150 Years of Nebraska


Comments:

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